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Project Title:  Assisted Medical Procedures (AMP) Reduce
Fiscal Year: FY 2015 
Division: Human Research 
Research Discipline/Element:
HRP ExMC:Exploration Medical Capabilities
Start Date: 10/01/2008  
End Date: 03/31/2015  
Task Last Updated: 06/30/2015 
Download report in PDF pdf
Principal Investigator/Affiliation:   Hurst, Victor  Ph.D. / Wyle-Science, Technology, and Engineering/NASA Johnson Space Center 
Address:  1290 Hercules Avenue 
 
Houston , TX 77058 
Email: victor.hurst@nasa.gov 
Phone: (281) 212-1460  
Congressional District: 36 
Web:  
Organization Type: NASA CENTER 
Organization Name: Wyle-Science, Technology, and Engineering/NASA Johnson Space Center 
Joint Agency:  
Comments:  
Co-Investigator(s)
Affiliation: 
Rubin, David  Wyle-Science, Technology & Engineering 
Chin, Duane  Wyle-Science, Technology & Engineering 
Project Information: Grant/Contract No. Directed Research 
Responsible Center: NASA JSC 
Grant Monitor:  
Center Contact:   
Solicitation / Funding Source: Directed Research 
Grant/Contract No.: Directed Research 
Project Type: GROUND 
Flight Program:  
TechPort: Yes 
No. of Post Docs:
No. of PhD Candidates:
No. of Master's Candidates:
No. of Bachelor's Candidates:
No. of PhD Degrees:
No. of Master's Degrees:
No. of Bachelor's Degrees:
Human Research Program Elements: (1) ExMC:Exploration Medical Capabilities
Human Research Program Risks: (1) ExMC:Risk of Unacceptable Health and Mission Outcomes Due to Limitations of In-flight Medical Capabilities (IRP Rev E)
Human Research Program Gaps: (1) ExMC 4.01:We do not have the capability to provide a guided medical procedure system that integrates with the medical system during exploration missions (IRP Rev E)
(2) ExMC 5.01:We do not have the capability to comprehensively manage medical data during exploration missions (IRP Rev E)
Flight Assignment/Project Notes: NOTE: End date is now 3/31/2015 per L. Milstead/HRP (Ed., 3/23/15)

NOTE: To be extended into 2016, per PI (Ed., 8/1/13)

NOTE: Project name change to "Assisted Medical Procedures (AMP)" from "Advanced Integrated Clinical System-Guided Medical Procedure Systems," per JSC (Ed., 7/25/2012)

NOTE: End date is now 4/1/2014 per HRP 3/14/12 Master Task List information (Ed., 4/9/2012)

NOTE: question of period of performance per information from PI (Ed., 11/30/2011)

Task Description: The Assisted Medical Procedures system (AMP) is an electronic system that will help crewmembers select the appropriate medical procedure for a particular medical encounter, as well as guide them through that procedure. The system will be used for all medical encounters, especially during periods of exploration missions when contact with ground resources (e.g., flight surgeon) will be either minimal or absent. During these periods of autonomous medical care, the crew will need such a system for medical events, be they urgent or non-urgent.

Development of the AMP addresses several risks stated in the Critical Path Roadmap (CPR; also known as the NASA Bioastronautics Roadmap [NASA/SP-2004-6113]). The following list explains the risks and how the AMP will address them.

Risk #17: Monitoring and Prevention. The risk of serious medical events may increase due to inadequate monitoring and prevention capabilities.

The AMP will enable astronaut crew medical officers (CMOs) to properly monitor the health of each crewmember and subsequently provide direction to prevent medical issues from arising during exploration missions.

Risk #20: Ambulatory Care. Impaired performance and increased risk to crew health and mission may occur due to lack of capability to diagnose and treat minor illnesses.

The AMP will have clinical decision support (CDS) logic. Within the scope of this project, CDS is defined as an active knowledge system which uses patient data, both collected and stored, to generate case-specific diagnostic and treatment advice. The CDS within the AMP will then provide the CMO with treatment procedures to be executed on the ill crewmember. This action will decrease mission risk and increase crew performance.

Risk #22: Medical Informatics, Technologies, and Support Systems. Limited communication capability during space flight results in the compromised ability to provide medical care, and may have adverse consequences for crew health.

The AMP will consist of CDS logic and procedure execution support logic that will enable CMOs to autonomously manage medical events, especially during periods of exploration missions when contact with ground resources (e.g., flight surgeon) is either minimal or absent.

Risk #23: Medical Skill Training and Maintenance. Inability to perform required medical procedures may result from inadequate crew medical skills or medical training.

The AMP will be able to provide “just-in-time” instruction to CMOs in the absence of remote guidance instruction from ground-based subject matter experts (SMEs). The instruction material provided by the AMP will be generated by SMEs and thus fill any gaps in crew medical skills or medical training.

The AMP is a component of the Exploration Medical System Demonstration (EMSD) Operational Concept Document [JSC 66295]). The initial project charter for the EMSD includes the execution of a Ground Demonstration, to be conducted in a ground-based flight analog environment, and a Flight Demonstration, to be conducted in-flight aboard the International Space Station (ISS).

Research Impact/Earth Benefits: It is anticipated that the development of the AMP will result in innovations to interfaces with wireless medical peripherals (e.g., ECG monitors, pulse oximetry), informatics tools (e.g., electronic medical record, middleware), and to autonomous medical care in austere environments.

Task Progress & Bibliography Information FY2015 
Task Progress: DOCUMENTATION, DEVELOPMENT, AND PROGRESS

The AMP was initially being developed as part the Advanced Integrated Clinical System (AICS)-Guided Medical Procedure System for the Constellation Program. The Exploration Medical Capability (ExMC) team generated an OpsCon document and, subsequently, a set of functional and technical requirements. All of these documents were reviewed and approved by the Johnson Space Center (JSC) Space Medicine Configuration Control Board in 2009 and 2010, respectively. These documents were then archived when the Constellation Program was canceled in 2010.

Fiscal Year 2012 (FY12) brought the start of the EMSD project and the initial development of the AMP. The Exploration Medical Capabilities (ExMC) element generated a new OpsCon document for the AMP to reflect how it would be used for the EMSD. This document was approved by the ExMC Advisory Board and then used to generate functional and technical requirements. These requirements were reviewed by the ExMC Advisory Board and during the EMSD’s System Requirements Review in March 2012. The ExMC Team then used the finalized requirements to conduct a thorough market survey and Request for Proposal (RFP) process.

Upon completion of the RFP process, the EMSD project team determined that no CDS solution existed that adequately satisfied the project requirements within budget constraints. Although CDS is an important aspect of the long term vision of the EMSD project, this class of software is still in the early stages of commercial development and the lack of solution within the project’s budget dictated that the requirement for this capability be removed from the project. The EMSD project team proposed this removal and ExMC management approved it. However, the system infrastructure of the EMSD, including the AMP, has been designed to support the integration of CDS software if, or when, a viable option exists.

Completion of the RFP process also resulted in the EMSD project team electing to pursue the modification and use of WebPD, a procedure viewer created by S&K Aerospace within the JSC-Engineering (ER) group. WebPD satisfied all core requirements of the AMP component as specified in the Statement of Work and the AMP System Requirements Document (SRD). The EMSD team adopted WebPD for the AMP with the knowledge that custom development would be required for full integration into the overall EMSD system. In addition, WebPD had no initial procurement cost and developers with the JSC-ER group were available to assist in development of the system to meet the needs of the EMSD project, including AMP development.

The approach for modifying and integrating the AMP into the EMSD was finalized during the EMSD Preliminary Design Review in June 2013. Following the EMSD’s Critical Design Review in January 2014, the EMSD project team and Exploration Medical Capability (ExMC) Element Management concluded that the Flight Demonstration would not provide any unique opportunities for meeting project objectives nor would it present a justifiable return on investment. Accordingly, the project team recommended that the Flight Demonstration objective be removed from the project. ExMC Management, with concurrence from the NASA Human Research Program (HRP), removed the requirement for a Flight Demonstration and agreed that all verification and validation of the EMSD, including the AMP, would occur on the ground.

The AMP user interface serves as the primary method for user interaction with the EMSD system. The project team reduced development time by modifying the existing WebPD graphical user interface to meet the needs of the EMSD system. The primary elements that make up the AMP user interface include a combination of text and numeric data fields, buttons, and list boxes for manual data entry, command execution and display; rich content fields for image and real-time media data capture, playback and display; and various windows areas for allowing user navigation.

The AMP was designed to present an initial screen that requires users to enter their unique user identification and password credentials before granting access to any EMSD data and system functions. This allows the AMP to meet the various security requirements for the privacy and confidentiality of medical information captured by the EMSD, as well as allows user interface elements and screens to be tailored to the specific needs of each user.

Once users have been authenticated, the AMP then allows users to continue on to only those AMP screens and system functions allowed based on the user’s role. This allows, for example, a user assigned to the CMO role to see more detailed medical information on multiple patients, as opposed to a user assigned to a patient role that may only see patient information specific to their own records.

The AMP was designed to present a secondary screen that requires the user to select a patient on which to perform an exam. All patients displayed are pulled directly from the Open Electronic Medical Record (EMR) database, which contains each crew member’s identify and role. The AMP allows for the user and the patient to be the same crew member, as some exams may be self-administered.

In addition to handling simple alphanumeric information, the AMP was designed to accommodate rich media content such as images, audio/video files, real time video input, and other proprietary device data and document files. A rich media area was incorporated into the AMP user interface which captures and displays rich media content. This rich media area can also be hidden and resized dynamically by the user, per user preference.

Following the selection of a patient by the user/CMO, the AMP displays the Patient History screen, which presents a subset of patient medical history data that is pulled from the EMR. The type of data presented on this screen is determined by the ground medical support team and is configured pre-flight. Data that may be included on this screen includes, but is not limited to, patient vitals, medical history, medications, and allergies.

The procedure selection screen of the AMP provides a list of all published procedures available to the user determined by his/her role within the EMR (e.g., physician CMO vs. non-physician CMO). This functionality allows for users to have access to procedures tailored to individual skill level and medical knowledge.

Upon selecting a procedure for execution, the user is presented with multiple viewing areas, with the primary area containing the procedure execution steps. This procedure area displays each step in the procedure, along with fields for data entry, rich media links, and mechanisms for system command execution. The user also has the ability to skip to another step in the procedure, both before and after the current step.

The AMP Graphic User Interface (GUI) displays and captures rich media content such as images, audio/video, and potentially other proprietary device data and document files. One of the AMP windows has been designed as the main EMSD application navigation menu, displaying user and patient metadata and allowing the user to navigate through various other AMP application screens. The AMP GUI also displays a tree view of all procedure steps and a list of completed procedure steps.

The AMP GUI has the ability to nest a procedure within another. For example, a step within the Periodic Health Evaluation (PHE) procedure directs the user to collect ECG data. If the user proceeds with this step, the AMP automatically launches the ECG procedure. When the ECG procedure is complete, the AMP automatically brings the user back to the original PHE procedure.

In general, at any point during a procedure execution, the user can start another procedure from the procedure selection screen on the AMP GUI. Also, manual data entry with the AMP is provided via free text fields, pull downs, and button selections. The inputs are stored locally within the AMP system and transmitted to the EMR upon completion of the procedure.

Commanding is initiated via the AMP GUI. For example, to initiate ECG collection the AMP issues a command to start the ECG companion software. Upon completion of the ECG, the system initiates another command, resulting in a published message that triggers the transfer of the completed ECG data file. This commanding functionality could be used to initiate any compatible peripheral device software integrated into the system.

Any text input or data read from a peripheral device by the EMSD is considered telemetry. This telemetry can be evaluated by the AMP system as collected to assist in the logical execution of the procedure. For example, pulse telemetry captured from a vitals device could be compared by the AMP system to a pre-set threshold value. If the vitals measurement exceeded that threshold, the procedure would prompt the user to perform an ECG. At the end of the procedure, the telemetry is submitted by the AMP to the EMR to update the patient’s medical visit within the EMR database.

EMSD procedure authoring was initially performed using the Procedure Integrated Development Environment (PrIDE) software (originally developed by S&K Aerospace for NASA-Space Medicine). PrIDE was eventually replaced with the Electronic Procedure Authoring Tool (EPAT). Both PrIDE and EPAT were developed within the JSC-ER group. EPAT provided the procedure author with the ability to:

-Display a text instruction

-Gather input from the user

-Invoke a formal system function, e.g., capture an image, show an image, or show a video

-Issue a system command

-Verify that a system state is in a specified target, e.g., ECG status or video recording status

In February 2015, the EMSD system was demonstrated at the NASA-Johnson Space Center to project stakeholders, including representatives of Human Research Program (HRP) management, Flight Analogs Project (FAP), the Behavioral Health and Performance (BHP) Group, the Astronaut Office, NASA-Flight Surgeons, and the Station Operations Data File (SODF) procedure standards group. Each demonstration consisted of an EMSD overview presentation to familiarize the attendees with the history and goals of the EMSD project followed by the “hands on” demonstration of the software system. Using the AMP Interface, attendees were walked through the log in, patient selection, procedure selection, and procedure execution aspects of the EMSD system. The information presented was well received by all attendees.

CONCLUSION

The work by the EMSD project team over the past three years has enabled ExMC to (1) identify and modify a software system to become the AMP system for the EMSD and (2) complete work that immediately addresses CPR Risks #17 and enables ExMC to better address CPR Risks #20, #22, and #23 in the coming years.

FUTURE WORK

The EMSD project serves as a proof-of-concept for an integrated medical data management system to be flown on an exploration mission. The EMSD system, including the AMP, is an illustration of the integrated medical data system concept and are meant to highlight potential functionality and uses of such a system. As expected, EMSD only gave a glimpse of what was possible, serving as a platform for those who experienced it to wonder what it could be made to do next.

Many of the ideas collected and questions fielded point to a future EMSD (and AMP) design that is more than just a stand-alone medical data management system. In fact, it is clear that the future of in-flight medical care will require the integration of data collected from all vehicular and habitat systems. Future exploration crews will require intelligent data management systems capable of providing mission guidance through the thorough analysis of environmental, vehicular, behavioral, and medical data. Only through this comprehensive view of what each crew member is experiencing can efficient medical care be provided by the CMO and ground medical support.

The commercial medical technology demonstrated in the EMSD (and AMP) is nascent but evolving rapidly. However, this technology is generally best suited for ground-based medicine, provided by a clinician, and in a clinical setting. It will be prudent for NASA to continue pursuing this technology and learning what modifications are necessary to provide future crewmembers with a medical system that best suits the needs of future missions.

Bibliography Type: Description: (Last Updated: 07/01/2015) 

Show Cumulative Bibliography Listing
 
 None in FY 2015
Project Title:  Assisted Medical Procedures (AMP) Reduce
Fiscal Year: FY 2014 
Division: Human Research 
Research Discipline/Element:
HRP ExMC:Exploration Medical Capabilities
Start Date: 10/01/2008  
End Date: 03/31/2015  
Task Last Updated: 08/07/2013 
Download report in PDF pdf
Principal Investigator/Affiliation:   Hurst, Victor  Ph.D. / Wyle-Science, Technology, and Engineering/NASA Johnson Space Center 
Address:  1290 Hercules Avenue 
 
Houston , TX 77058 
Email: victor.hurst@nasa.gov 
Phone: (281) 212-1460  
Congressional District: 36 
Web:  
Organization Type: NASA CENTER 
Organization Name: Wyle-Science, Technology, and Engineering/NASA Johnson Space Center 
Joint Agency:  
Comments:  
Co-Investigator(s)
Affiliation: 
Rubin, David  Wyle-Science, Technology & Engineering 
Chin, Duane  Wyle-Science, Technology & Engineering 
Project Information: Grant/Contract No. Directed Research 
Responsible Center: NASA JSC 
Grant Monitor: Watkins, Sharmi1a  
Center Contact: 281.483.0395 
sharmila.watkins@nasa.gov 
Solicitation / Funding Source: Directed Research 
Grant/Contract No.: Directed Research 
Project Type: GROUND 
Flight Program:  
TechPort: Yes 
No. of Post Docs:
No. of PhD Candidates:
No. of Master's Candidates:
No. of Bachelor's Candidates:
No. of PhD Degrees:
No. of Master's Degrees:
No. of Bachelor's Degrees:
Human Research Program Elements: (1) ExMC:Exploration Medical Capabilities
Human Research Program Risks: (1) ExMC:Risk of Unacceptable Health and Mission Outcomes Due to Limitations of In-flight Medical Capabilities (IRP Rev E)
Human Research Program Gaps: (1) ExMC 4.01:We do not have the capability to provide a guided medical procedure system that integrates with the medical system during exploration missions (IRP Rev E)
(2) ExMC 5.01:We do not have the capability to comprehensively manage medical data during exploration missions (IRP Rev E)
Flight Assignment/Project Notes: NOTE: End date is now 3/31/2015 per L. Milstead/HRP (Ed., 3/23/15)

NOTE: To be extended into 2016, per PI (Ed., 8/1/13)

NOTE: Project name change to "Assisted Medical Procedures (AMP)" from "Advanced Integrated Clinical System-Guided Medical Procedure Systems," per JSC (Ed., 7/25/2012)

NOTE: End date is now 4/1/2014 per HRP 3/14/12 Master Task List information (Ed., 4/9/2012)

NOTE: question of period of performance per information from PI (Ed., 11/30/2011)

Task Description: The Advanced Integrated Clinical Systems-Guided Medical Procedure System task was to provide the Constellation Program with a robust medical procedure system that fosters both astronaut wellness and mitigates medical issues during missions to the International Space Station (ISS), the Moon (Lunar Sorties and Lunar Outpost), and outreaching planets. With the cancellation of the Constellation Program, the work for the Advanced Integrated Clinical Systems-Guided Medical Procedure System ceased at the end of Fiscal Year 2010 and the project was closed.

At the start of Fiscal Year 2012, the NASA Human Research Program (HRP) received funding to conduct the Exploration Medical System Demonstration project (EMSD). The objective of the EMSD is to determine what medical technologies are needed for an exploration class mission and what medical informatics tools for managing evidence and decision making can be integrated into a single system to be used by crew in an efficient and meaningful manner. The EMSD will be coordinated by the HRP Element called the Exploration Medical Capability (ExMC) Group who will utilize the International Space Station (ISS) as a test-bed to evaluate these technologies, informatics tools, and components.

The EMSD will consist of two phases: 1) A ground phase where all capabilities will be tested in a ground-based exercise in 2014 and 2) a space flight phase where some of the capabilities from the ground phase will be tested aboard the ISS in 2016. Included in both phases is an electronic (“paperless”) medical procedure system called the Assisted Medical Procedures (AMP) that will help crew both select a medical procedure as well as guide them through the procedure. The system will be used for all medical encounters, especially during periods of exploration missions when contact with ground resources (e.g. flight surgeon) will either be minimal or absent (i.e. autonomous medical care).

Development of the AMP will be accomplished by generating an operational concepts (OpsCon) document, creation of requirements, procuring of hardware/software (if necessary), and generating corresponding drawings to produce the components of the system.

Research Impact/Earth Benefits: It is anticipated that the development of the AMP will result in innovations to interfaces with wireless medical peripherals (e.g. ECG monitors, pulse oximetry), informatics tools (e.g. electronic medical record, middleware), and to autonomous medical care in austere environments.

Task Progress & Bibliography Information FY2014 
Task Progress: Documentation and Development: The AMP was initially being developed as part the Advanced Integrated Clinical System (AICS)-Guided Medical Procedure System for the Constellation Program. The Exploration Medical Capability (ExMC) team generated an Operational Concept (OpsCon) document and, subsequently, a set of functional and technical requirements. All of these documents were reviewed and approved by the Johnson Space Center Space Medicine Configuration Control Board in 2009 and 2010, respectively. These documents were then archived when the Constellation Program was canceled in 2010.

Fiscal Year 2012 (FY12) brought the start of the EMSD project and the initial development of the AMP. ExMC generated a new OpsCon document for the AMP to reflect how it would be used for the EMSD. This document was approved by the ExMC Advisory Board and then used to generate functional and technical requirements. These requirements were reviewed by the ExMC Advisory Board and during the EMSD’s System Requirements Review in March 2012. The ExMC Team then used the finalized requirements to determine that a product made by software developers within NASA was applicable. The product, a system called WebPD, has architecture relevant to the EMSD project and is being modified for integration with potential EMSD components. The approach for modifying and integrating the AMP into the EMSD was finalized during the EMSD Preliminary Design Review in June 2013. The AMP, along with other EMSD components, is being prepared for the ground phase of the EMSD, which is currently set for June 2014.

Conclusion: The work by the ExMC team over the past year has enabled them to (1) identify a software system that can be modified to become the AMP system for the EMSD and (2) begin modifying the AMP for integration with other EMSD components. This work immediately addresses CPR Risks #17 and #23 and enables ExMC to better address CPR Risks #17, #20, #22, and #23 in the coming fiscal year.

The objectives for FY14 are to (1) generate the first iteration of the AMP and (2) conduct an evaluation of this AMP’s capability in an analog environment that mimics an exploration-class mission.

Bibliography Type: Description: (Last Updated: 07/01/2015) 

Show Cumulative Bibliography Listing
 
 None in FY 2014
Project Title:  Assisted Medical Procedures (AMP) Reduce
Fiscal Year: FY 2013 
Division: Human Research 
Research Discipline/Element:
HRP ExMC:Exploration Medical Capabilities
Start Date: 10/01/2008  
End Date: 04/01/2014  
Task Last Updated: 03/25/2013 
Download report in PDF pdf
Principal Investigator/Affiliation:   Hurst, Victor  Ph.D. / Wyle-Science, Technology, and Engineering/NASA Johnson Space Center 
Address:  1290 Hercules Avenue 
 
Houston , TX 77058 
Email: victor.hurst@nasa.gov 
Phone: (281) 212-1460  
Congressional District: 36 
Web:  
Organization Type: NASA CENTER 
Organization Name: Wyle-Science, Technology, and Engineering/NASA Johnson Space Center 
Joint Agency:  
Comments:  
Co-Investigator(s)
Affiliation: 
Rubin, David  Wyle-Science, Technology & Engineering 
Chin, Duane  Wyle-Science, Technology & Engineering 
Project Information: Grant/Contract No. Directed Research 
Responsible Center: NASA JSC 
Grant Monitor: Watkins, Sharmi1a  
Center Contact: 281.483.0395 
sharmila.watkins@nasa.gov 
Solicitation / Funding Source: Directed Research 
Grant/Contract No.: Directed Research 
Project Type: GROUND 
Flight Program:  
TechPort: Yes 
No. of Post Docs:
No. of PhD Candidates:
No. of Master's Candidates:
No. of Bachelor's Candidates:
No. of PhD Degrees:
No. of Master's Degrees:
No. of Bachelor's Degrees:
Human Research Program Elements: (1) ExMC:Exploration Medical Capabilities
Human Research Program Risks: (1) ExMC:Risk of Unacceptable Health and Mission Outcomes Due to Limitations of In-flight Medical Capabilities (IRP Rev E)
Human Research Program Gaps: (1) ExMC 4.01:We do not have the capability to provide a guided medical procedure system that integrates with the medical system during exploration missions (IRP Rev E)
(2) ExMC 5.01:We do not have the capability to comprehensively manage medical data during exploration missions (IRP Rev E)
Flight Assignment/Project Notes: NOTE: Project name change to "Assisted Medical Procedures (AMP)" from "Advanced Integrated Clinical System-Guided Medical Procedure Systems," per JSC (Ed., 7/25/2012)

NOTE: End date is now 4/1/2014 per HRP 3/14/12 Master Task List information (Ed., 4/9/2012)

NOTE: question of period of performance per information from PI (Ed., 11/30/2011)

Task Description: The Advanced Integrated Clinical Systems-Guided Medical Procedure System task was to provide the Constellation Program with a robust medical procedure system that fosters both astronaut wellness and mitigates medical issues during missions to the International Space Station (ISS), the Moon (Lunar Sorties and Lunar Outpost), and outreaching planets. With the cancellation of the Constellation Program, the work for the Advanced Integrated Clinical Systems-Guided Medical Procedure System ceased at the end of Fiscal Year 2010 and the project was closed.

At the start of Fiscal Year 2012, the NASA Human Research Program (HRP) received funding to conduct the Exploration Medical System Demonstration project (EMSD). The objective of the EMSD is to determine what medical technologies are needed for an exploration class mission and what medical informatics tools for managing evidence and decision making can be integrated into a single system to be used crew in an efficient and meaningful manner. The EMSD will be coordinated by the HRP Element called the Exploration Medical Capability (ExMC) Group who will utilize the International Space Station (ISS) as a test-bed to evaluate these technologies, informatics tools and components.

The EMSD will consist of two phases: 1) A ground phase where all capabilities will be tested in a ground-based exercise in 2014 and 2) a space flight-phase where some of the capabilities from the ground-phase will tested aboard the ISS in 2016. Included in both phases is an electronic (“paperless”) medical procedure system called the Assisted Medical Procedures (AMP) that will help crew both select a medical procedure as well as guide them through the procedure. The system will be used for all medical encounters, especially during periods of exploration missions when contact with ground resources (e.g. flight surgeon) will either be minimal or absent (i.e. autonomous medical care).

Development of the AMP will be accomplished by generating an operational concepts (OpsCon) document, creation of requirements, procuring of hardware/software (if necessary) and generating corresponding drawings to produce the components of the system.

Research Impact/Earth Benefits: It is anticipated that the development of the AMP will result in innovations to interfaces with wireless medical peripherals (e.g. ECG monitors, pulse oximetry), informatics tools (e.g. electronic medical record, middleware), and to autonomous medical care in austere environments.

Task Progress & Bibliography Information FY2013 
Task Progress: Documentation and Development

A baseline version of the EMSD Operational Concept (OpsCon) document was completed on 21 November 2011. Using this document as a reference, the AMP OpsCon document was finalized on 13 February 2012. The AMP OpsCon document was then used to generate a requirements document that has completed formal review by the ExMC Advisory Group and the EMSD’s System Requirements Review (SRR) in February 2012 and March 2012, respectively. The AMP requirements have been finalized following these reviews and have been prepared for use in procurement documentation.

A formal request for proposal (RFP) for procuring an AMP was sent out to potential vendors in May 2012. The ExMC team received one formal response and a partial response from two of the ten vendors contacted. As a result of this minimal response, the team reassessed the content of its proposal and updated the specificity of the requirements. A second RFP was sent to an updated list of potential vendors in October 2012.

In addition to procuring a possible solution, the ExMC Team is also working with software developers within NASA on an electronic procedure display system that was initially developed for the Constellation Program. The devices and their relevant architecture may be able to be configured to meet AMP requirements.

Evaluations

During the initial phases of AMP development, ExMC conducted evaluations of how existing ISS medical resources and newly developed procedures and tools would function on an exploration class mission. Doing such evaluations helps ExMC identify what is needed in the AMP to address any gaps in its capability.

Results of the Autonomous Mission Operation (AMO) study indicated that written medical procedures can be effectively executed by minimally-trained caregivers (e.g. CMOs) with minimal remote guidance from subject matter experts to provide useful clinical data to ground-based medical support. The study also showed that use of mitigation tools such as the Advanced Diagnostic Ultrasound software (ADUS) enable minimally-trained caregivers to autonomously execute clinical tasks in a manner that increases the quality of clinical deliverables, in this case, ultrasound imagery.

Initial review of the data from the Mission Operation Test (MOT) indicates that there are areas where automation can be applied to decrease a) the time to execute a procedure task, b) decrease the number of data transfer steps, and c) decrease the search time for and retrieval time of health records.

Conclusion

The work by the ExMC team over the past year has enabled them to 1) identify gaps in procedure flow where AMP capability can enable better crew performance during exploration class mission medical events as provided by the completion of two exploration class relevant simulations, 2) finalize the functional and technical requirements for the AMP, and 3) begin procurement and development of an initial iteration of the AMP. This work immediately addresses Critical Path Roadmap (CPR) Risks #17 and #23 and enables ExMC to better address CPR Risks #17, #20, #22, and #23 in the coming fiscal year.

The objectives for FY13 are to 1) generate the first iteration of the AMP either by development, procurement, or a combination of both and 2) conduct an evaluation of this AMP’s capability in an analog environment that mimics an exploration class mission.

Bibliography Type: Description: (Last Updated: 07/01/2015) 

Show Cumulative Bibliography Listing
 
Abstracts for Journals and Proceedings Hurst V 4th, Garcia K, Jain V, Ham D, Menon A, Watkins S. "Evaluation of current space medical capability for exploration space missions." 84th Annual Scientific Meeting, Aerospace Medical Association, Chicago, IL, May 12-16, 2013.

Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine. 2013 Apr;84(4):376. See http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/asma/asem for searching. , Apr-2013

Project Title:  Assisted Medical Procedures (AMP) Reduce
Fiscal Year: FY 2012 
Division: Human Research 
Research Discipline/Element:
HRP ExMC:Exploration Medical Capabilities
Start Date: 10/01/2008  
End Date: 04/01/2014  
Task Last Updated: 05/24/2012 
Download report in PDF pdf
Principal Investigator/Affiliation:   Hurst, Victor  Ph.D. / Wyle-Science, Technology, and Engineering/NASA Johnson Space Center 
Address:  1290 Hercules Avenue 
 
Houston , TX 77058 
Email: victor.hurst@nasa.gov 
Phone: (281) 212-1460  
Congressional District: 36 
Web:  
Organization Type: NASA CENTER 
Organization Name: Wyle-Science, Technology, and Engineering/NASA Johnson Space Center 
Joint Agency:  
Comments:  
Co-Investigator(s)
Affiliation: 
Wu, Jimmy  Wyle-Science, Technology and Engineering 
Key Personnel Changes / Previous PI: Sharmila ("Sharmi") Watkins M.D. is still the NASA Tech Monitor for this project but her contact information has changed. Email: sharmila.watkins@nasa.gov Phone: 281.483.0395
Project Information: Grant/Contract No. Directed Research 
Responsible Center: NASA JSC 
Grant Monitor: Watkins, Sharmi1a  
Center Contact: 281.483.0395 
sharmila.watkins@nasa.gov 
Solicitation / Funding Source: Directed Research 
Grant/Contract No.: Directed Research 
Project Type: GROUND 
Flight Program:  
TechPort: Yes 
No. of Post Docs:
No. of PhD Candidates:
No. of Master's Candidates:
No. of Bachelor's Candidates:
No. of PhD Degrees:
No. of Master's Degrees:
No. of Bachelor's Degrees:
Human Research Program Elements: (1) ExMC:Exploration Medical Capabilities
Human Research Program Risks: (1) ExMC:Risk of Unacceptable Health and Mission Outcomes Due to Limitations of In-flight Medical Capabilities (IRP Rev E)
Human Research Program Gaps: (1) ExMC 4.01:We do not have the capability to provide a guided medical procedure system that integrates with the medical system during exploration missions (IRP Rev E)
(2) ExMC 5.01:We do not have the capability to comprehensively manage medical data during exploration missions (IRP Rev E)
Flight Assignment/Project Notes: NOTE: Project name change to "Assisted Medical Procedures (AMP)" from "Advanced Integrated Clinical System-Guided Medical Procedure Systems," per JSC (Ed., 7/25/2012)

NOTE: End date is now 4/1/2014 per HRP 3/14/12 Master Task List information (Ed., 4/9/2012)

NOTE: question of period of performance per information from PI (Ed., 11/30/2011)

Task Description: The Advanced Integrated Clinical Systems-Guided Medical Procedure System task was to provide the Constellation Program with a robust medical procedure system that fosters both astronaut wellness and mitigates medical issues during missions to the International Space Station (ISS), the Moon (Lunar Sorties and Lunar Outpost), and outreaching planets. With the cancellation of the Constellation Program, the work for the Advanced Integrated Clinical Systems-Guided Medical Procedure System ceased at the end of Fiscal Year 2010 and the project was closed.

At the start of Fiscal Year 2012, the NASA Human Research Program (HRP) received funding to conduct the Exploration Medical System Demonstration (EMSD) project. The EMSD is an evaluation that will utilize the International Space Station (ISS) as a testbed to show that several medical technologies needed for an exploration class mission and medical informatics tools for managing evidence and decision making can be integrated into a single system and used by the on-orbit crew in an efficient and meaningful manner.

The EMSD will be coordinated by the HRP Element called the Exploration Medical Capability (ExMC) Group and will consist of two phases: 1) A ground phase where all capabilities will be tested in a ground-based exercise in 2014 and 2) a space flight-phase where some of the capabilities from the ground-phase will tested aboard the ISS in 2016. Included in both phases is an electronic (“paperless”) medical procedure system called the Assisted Medical Procedures (AMP) that will help crew both select a medical procedure as well as guide them through the procedure. The system will be used for all medical encounters, especially during periods of exploration missions when contact with ground resources (e.g. flight surgeon) will either be minimal or absent (i.e. autonomous medical care).

Development of the AMP will be accomplished by generating an operational concepts (OpsCon) document followed by the creation of requirements and corresponding drawings to produce the components of the system.

Research Impact/Earth Benefits: At the time of writing this report, it is believed that the development of the AMP will not have an impact on terrestrial medicine and research.

Task Progress & Bibliography Information FY2012 
Task Progress: [Editor's note 5/24/2012: Task Book report compiled by PI on 3/2/2012 and submitted by Task Book editor on 5/24/2012.]

A baseline version of the EMSD Operational Concept (OpsCon) document was completed on 21 November 2011. Using this document as a reference, the AMP OpsCon document was finalized on 13 February 2012. A requirements document for the AMP has since been drafted and is, at the time of writing this report, going through an internal review by ExMC Team members. Following this review, the document will undergo a formal review by the ExMC Advisory Group starting 6 March 2012.

Bibliography Type: Description: (Last Updated: 07/01/2015) 

Show Cumulative Bibliography Listing
 
 None in FY 2012
Project Title:  Assisted Medical Procedures (AMP) Reduce
Fiscal Year: FY 2009 
Division: Human Research 
Research Discipline/Element:
HRP ExMC:Exploration Medical Capabilities
Start Date: 10/01/2008  
End Date: 09/30/2012  
Task Last Updated: 10/28/2009 
Download report in PDF pdf
Principal Investigator/Affiliation:   Hurst, Victor  Ph.D. / Wyle-Science, Technology, and Engineering/NASA Johnson Space Center 
Address:  1290 Hercules Avenue 
 
Houston , TX 77058 
Email: victor.hurst@nasa.gov 
Phone: (281) 212-1460  
Congressional District: 36 
Web:  
Organization Type: NASA CENTER 
Organization Name: Wyle-Science, Technology, and Engineering/NASA Johnson Space Center 
Joint Agency:  
Comments:  
Co-Investigator(s)
Affiliation: 
Wu, Jimmy  Wyle Integrated Science and Engineering 
Project Information: Grant/Contract No. Directed Research 
Responsible Center: NASA JSC 
Grant Monitor: Watkins, Sharmi1a  
Center Contact: 281.483.0395 
sharmila.watkins@nasa.gov 
Solicitation / Funding Source: Directed Research 
Grant/Contract No.: Directed Research 
Project Type: GROUND 
Flight Program:  
TechPort: Yes 
No. of Post Docs:  
No. of PhD Candidates:  
No. of Master's Candidates:  
No. of Bachelor's Candidates:  
No. of PhD Degrees:  
No. of Master's Degrees:  
No. of Bachelor's Degrees:  
Human Research Program Elements: (1) ExMC:Exploration Medical Capabilities
Human Research Program Risks: (1) ExMC:Risk of Unacceptable Health and Mission Outcomes Due to Limitations of In-flight Medical Capabilities (IRP Rev E)
Human Research Program Gaps: (1) ExMC 4.01:We do not have the capability to provide a guided medical procedure system that integrates with the medical system during exploration missions (IRP Rev E)
(2) ExMC 5.01:We do not have the capability to comprehensively manage medical data during exploration missions (IRP Rev E)
Flight Assignment/Project Notes: NOTE: Project name change to "Assisted Medical Procedures (AMP)" from "Advanced Integrated Clinical System-Guided Medical Procedure Systems," per JSC (Ed., 7/25/2012)

NOTE: question of period of performance per information from PI (Ed., 11/30/2011)

Task Description: The Advanced Integrated Clinical Systems-Guided Medical Procedure System task will provide the Constellation Program with a robust medical procedure system that both fosters astronaut wellness and mitigates medical issues during missions to the International Space Station (ISS), the Moon (Lunar Sorties and Lunar Outpost), and outreaching planets. This will be accomplished by generating operations concepts for each component of the system followed by creation of requirements and corresponding drawings to produce the components of the system. The system’s components include state-of-the-art electronic (i.e. paperless) procedure viewers and evidence-based medical procedures/equipment that will help astronaut Crew Medical Officers (CMOs) manage clinically related activities during all phases of their mission.

Research Impact/Earth Benefits: 0

Task Progress & Bibliography Information FY2009 
Task Progress: New project for FY2009.

Bibliography Type: Description: (Last Updated: 07/01/2015) 

Show Cumulative Bibliography Listing
 
 None in FY 2009