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Project Title:  Individualized Stress Detection System Reduce
Fiscal Year: FY 2012 
Division: Human Research 
Research Discipline/Element:
HRP BHP:Behavioral Health & Performance (archival in 2017)
Start Date: 01/31/2012  
End Date: 05/29/2015  
Task Last Updated: 02/27/2012 
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Principal Investigator/Affiliation:   Mollicone, Daniel  Ph.D. / Pulsar Informatics Inc. 
Address:  3401 Market Street 
Suite 318 
Philadelphia , PA 19104 
Phone: 215-520-2630  
Congressional District:
Organization Type: INDUSTRY 
Organization Name: Pulsar Informatics Inc. 
Joint Agency:  
Project Information: Grant/Contract No. NNX12CA61C 
Responsible Center: NASA JSC 
Grant Monitor: Leveton, Lauren  
Center Contact: 
Solicitation / Funding Source: SBIR Phase II 
Grant/Contract No.: NNX12CA61C 
Project Type: GROUND 
Flight Program:  
TechPort: No 
No. of Post Docs:  
No. of PhD Candidates:  
No. of Master's Candidates:  
No. of Bachelor's Candidates:  
No. of PhD Degrees:  
No. of Master's Degrees:  
No. of Bachelor's Degrees:  
Human Research Program Elements: (1) BHP:Behavioral Health & Performance (archival in 2017)
Human Research Program Risks: (1) Bmed:Risk of Adverse Behavioral Conditions and Psychiatric Disorders
(2) Sleep:Risk of Performance Decrements and Adverse Health Outcomes Resulting from Sleep Loss, Circadian Desynchronization, and Work Overload (IRP Rev F)
Human Research Program Gaps: (1) BMed02:We need to identify and validate measures to monitor behavioral health and performance during exploration class missions to determine acceptable thresholds for these measures (IRP Rev F)
(2) Sleep Gap 02:We need to understand the contribution of sleep loss, circadian desynchronization, extended wakefulness and work overload, on individual and team behavioral health and performance (including operational performance), for spaceflight (IRP Rev E)
Flight Assignment/Project Notes: NOTE: End date change (original end date was 1/31/2014) per HRP Technology Pipeline information, per B. Corbin (Ed., 9/4/14)

Task Description: Given the extended duration of future missions and the isolated, extreme, and confined environments, there is the possibility that stress-related behavioral conditions and mental disorders (DSM-IV-TR) will develop. The overarching goal of this project is to deliver an integrated system that will track physiological signals (heart rate and heart rate variability) and behavioral signals (sleep wake patterns) to detect chronic stress, hyperarousal, and insomnia during space missions. This project will deliver both the sensor hardware and signal processing software needed for the real-time data collection and integration with other behavioral health monitoring systems (e.g., Individualized Fatigue Meter and Individualized Behavioral Health Meter). The result of Phase II will be a system that can be deployed in space analog environments for validation testing and ultimately deployed on ISS to assist astronauts and mission support personnel in the detection of astronaut chronic stress, hyperarousal, and insomnia. The critical need for an Individualized Stress Detection System has been identified as a priority outlined in the BHP IRP Gap BMED2. The Technology Readiness Level at the end of Phase II will be TRL 5.

POTENTIAL NASA COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS: The Individualized Stress Detection System will meet the specific requirements of long duration exploration missions and provide feedback to astronauts, Op Psy personnel and flight surgeons about stress levels and hyperarousal as well as aid in the selection of countermeasures. It will be designed to be unobtrusive and to require minimal training and crew effort to utilize. The resulting product will be primarily relevant to NASA's Behavioral Health and Performance (BHP) research gap BMED 2: "What are the most effective methods to predict, detect, and assess decrements in behavioral health (which may negatively affect performance) before, during, and after spaceflight missions?" The resulting product will also be relevant to gaps BMED1, BMED6, and BMED7. When validated, the Individualized Stress Detection System will be deployed on ISS to support crew behavioral health during training, mission, and return to Earth.

Research Impact/Earth Benefits: The Individualized Stress Detection System can be adapted to meet an articulated need to track chronic stress and hyperarousal in occupations associated with high workload and high danger factor such as military operations and law enforcement. A tool that enables the systematic and efficient tracking of sympathetic activation in these occupational settings can provide a means to detect and address stress-related behavioral disorders and mental conditions at an early stage. Taking military operations as an example, there is evidence that stress-related behavioral disorders and mental conditions such as anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder have a high prevalence among soldiers. There is a present market opportunity to deliver an Individualized Stress Detection System to track changes in objectively-measured markers of chronic stress levels in soldiers during training, deployment, and post-deployment.

Task Progress & Bibliography Information FY2012 
Task Progress: New project for FY2012. Reporting not required for this SBIR Phase 2 project.

Bibliography Type: Description: (Last Updated: 02/23/2015) 

Show Cumulative Bibliography Listing
 None in FY 2012