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Project Title:  Human Factors Behavioral Performance Risk Characterization Research for Artemis II Reduce
Images: icon  Fiscal Year: FY 2023 
Division: Human Research 
Research Discipline/Element:
HRP HFBP:Human Factors & Behavioral Performance (IRP Rev H)
Start Date: 10/03/2022  
End Date: 10/03/2025  
Task Last Updated: 12/06/2022 
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Principal Investigator/Affiliation:   Bell, Suzanne  Ph.D. / NASA Johnson Space Center 
Address:  2101 E NASA Pkwy 
Houston , TX 77058 
Congressional District: 36 
Organization Type: NASA CENTER 
Organization Name: NASA Johnson Space Center 
Joint Agency:  
Comments: NOTE: PI at NASA Johnson Space Center as of January 2021; previously at DePaul University 
Vera, Alonso  Ph.D. NASA Ames Research Center 
Flynn-Evans, Erin  Ph.D. NASA Ames Research Center 
Young, Millennia  Ph.D. NASA Johnson Space Center 
Stephenson, Jerri  M.S. NASA Johnson Space Center 
Whiting, Sara  Ph.D. KBR/NASA Johnson Space Center 
Dev, Sheena  Ph.D. KBR/NASA Johnson Space Center 
Landon, Lauren  Ph.D. KBR/NASA Johnson Space Center 
Project Information: Grant/Contract No. Directed Research 
Responsible Center: NASA JSC 
Grant Monitor: Whitmire, Alexandra  
Center Contact: 
Unique ID: 15194 
Solicitation / Funding Source: Directed Research 
Grant/Contract No.: Directed Research 
Project Type: FLIGHT 
Flight Program:  
TechPort: No 
No. of Post Docs:  
No. of PhD Candidates:  
No. of Master's Candidates:  
No. of Bachelor's Candidates:  
No. of PhD Degrees:  
No. of Master's Degrees:  
No. of Bachelor's Degrees:  
Human Research Program Elements: (1) HFBP:Human Factors & Behavioral Performance (IRP Rev H)
Human Research Program Risks: None
Human Research Program Gaps: None
Task Description: Artemis II will mark the first time NASA astronauts go beyond low-Earth orbit (LEO) since the Apollo era, and the first astronauts heading into space in the Orion vehicle. As such, it provides a critical opportunity to refine our understanding of the likelihood and consequences associated with the Behavioral Medicine (BMed), Team, Human System Integration Architecture (HSIA), and Sleep Risks, and prepare for future Moon and Mars missions. The overarching goal of our research is to utilize Artemis II data to further define the likelihood and consequences of these risks, and to create a research infrastructure that can be expanded to include future Artemis missions. We propose a 3-phase research effort. In Phase I, we will use summaries of existing research (e.g., evidence books and Directed Acyclic Graphs/DAGs), literature reviews, and subject matter expert (SME) input to identify and conceptualize key performance metrics, contributing factors, and BMed, Team, HSIA, and Sleep risk constructs related to performance decrements. We will describe how the constructs are expected to arise in spaceflight, and conduct a review that summarizes how metrics (e.g., behaviors and trace data, words and linguistics, and physiological data) derived from data streams available in Artemis II (e.g., audiovisual data) can serve as indicators of these constructs for in-mission measurement during Artemis. The Phase I effort will result in a finalized pre- and post-mission protocol for Artemis II, along with a measurement and coding scheme for in-mission Artemis II data. Phase II includes data collection from the Artemis II mission. Phase III will include data processing, data analysis under a Bayesian framework, coding, depiction, analysis, and report writing.

Rationale for HRP Directed Research: This research is directed because it contains highly constrained research. Artemis II provides a critical opportunity to refine our understanding of the likelihood and consequences associated with BMed, Team, HSIA, and Sleep Risks, and prepare for future Moon and Mars missions.

Two significant constraints shape the research methodology. First, there is currently no in-mission crew time available to complete measures. In-mission data will need to be collected unobtrusively from available data streams (e.g., audiovisual, existing records such as schedules, and actigraphy). Second, Artemis II is anticipated to be a crew of 4 astronauts in flight for 10 days followed by additional crewed Artemis missions. This creates a scenario where there is important data for understanding risk characterization; however, there will be a small sample size from Artemis II, and risk characterization will need to be updated over time as additional crews fly in later Artemis missions.

Research Impact/Earth Benefits:

Task Progress & Bibliography Information FY2023 
Task Progress: New project for FY2023.

Bibliography: Description: (Last Updated: 05/25/2023) 

Show Cumulative Bibliography
 None in FY 2023