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Project Title:  Development of a Computer Vision Based Toolbox for Feature Extraction, Analysis, Modeling, and Prediction of Microgravity Data Sets Reduce
Images: icon  Fiscal Year: FY 2023 
Division: Physical Sciences 
Research Discipline/Element:
Physical Sciences: FLUID PHYSICS--Complex fluids
MATERIALS SCIENCE--Materials science
Start Date: 10/01/2022  
End Date: 09/30/2024  
Task Last Updated: 10/04/2022 
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Principal Investigator/Affiliation:   Cozmuta, Ioana  Ph.D. / G-Space, INC 
Address:  1266 Parkington Ave 
Sunnyvale , CA 94087-1559 
Phone: 408-391-5912  
Congressional District: 17 
Organization Type: INDUSTRY 
Organization Name: G-Space, INC 
Joint Agency:  
Project Information: Grant/Contract No. 80NSSC22K1885 
Responsible Center: NASA MSFC 
Grant Monitor: Sansoucie, Michael  
Center Contact: 256.544.5269 
Unique ID: 15172 
Solicitation / Funding Source: 2021 Physical Sciences NNH20ZDA014N: Use of the NASA Physical Sciences Informatics System – Appendix G 
Grant/Contract No.: 80NSSC22K1885 
Project Type: GROUND,Physical Sciences Informatics (PSI) 
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Program--Element: FLUID PHYSICS--Complex fluids
MATERIALS SCIENCE--Materials science
Task Description: Over two decades of significant effort and resources have been devoted to investigating a broad spectrum of hypotheses in microgravity across the portfolio of physical and life sciences on the International Space Station (ISS). This work has resulted in an impressive amount of data being collected, in particular images and videos. However, much of this image data to date, remains underutilized because the emphasis continues to be on individual investigations. In this proposal, G-SPACE takes a cross-cutting look at the Physical Science Informatics (PSI) datasets to build a simple computer-vision, data analytics, and machine learning tool (ATOM™ toolbox) that would be an enabler to all the PSI users (in particular new PI’s) to better interact with the data, standardize data output, and perform insightful analysis on the selected datasets to increase the science readiness of their investigations.

For the past two years, the G-SPACE team has been actively ingesting microgravity data available in the NASA PSI database for the purpose of applying a suite of proprietary algorithms and models from its ATOM™ software platform to extract the delta-to-gravity (™) and utilize it to design and optimize products and manufacturing processes amenable for in-space manufacturing. The platform aims to bridge the gap between microgravity R&D sciences and in-space manufacturing and our team’s hope was that the PSI database would have clean data sets corresponding to ground and flight experiments for ATOM™ to extract the delta-to-gravity™ and focus on microgravity product design and optimization.

Unfortunately the data in the PSI database is simply not ready for this approach. The video data residing in the PSI database has rarely been analyzed to track key features for research and even if so, it has not been done in an automated manner. The sheer number of images, and the total size of the data set, require an enormous amount of hand-sorting and checking of images and is only available in an unstructured format. This makes it harder for users to find and understand the value that lies in it since to access that information it requires crossing a very high barrier, especially for new Principal Investigators (PIs) who does not usually have previous familiarity.

The current proposal seeks to develop the ATOM™ toolbox, a collection of generic computer vision, data analysis, and machine learning functionalities to help new PIs as well as existing users to expand the meaning and interpretation of existing data sets and to extract heretofore undiscovered knowledge from the PSI database. It will also (a) enable enhancement of existing data, (b) open up the ability for new researchers to leverage on existing experiments, and (c) help bring the investigations to a faster conclusion. To develop the ATOM™ toolbox functionalities, the G-SPACE team will look at images and videos only for 8 Material Science and 2 Complex Fluid investigations in the PSI database.

Besides being a powerful tool to extract meaningful information from existing experiments, the ATOM™ toolbox could ultimately provide: (1) the means to guide ISS experiments to make better use of time in microgravity, (2) a mechanism to predict results of future experiments in space for better prioritization and structure in the decision process, and (3) an open door for applications that ultimately create the path towards materials space manufacturing and beyond.

The end products of the two years effort under this proposal that will be delivered to NASA to be included in the PSI database will consist of: (1) a database of structured image/video datasets and a corresponding demo for each of the 10 investigations, (2) the ATOM™ toolbox with a basic active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) to allow integration with the PSI database and the G-SPACE ATOM™ platform.

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Task Progress & Bibliography Information FY2023 
Task Progress: New project for FY2023.

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 None in FY 2023