Task Book: Biological & Physical Sciences Division and Human Research Program
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Project Title:  Mixed Reality (MR) Care-Delivery Guidance System to Support Medical Event Management on Long Duration Exploration Missions Reduce
Fiscal Year: FY 2020 
Division: Human Research 
Research Discipline/Element:
Start Date: 04/01/2020  
End Date: 03/31/2022  
Task Last Updated: 07/30/2020 
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Principal Investigator/Affiliation:   Dias, Roger  M.D., Ph.D. / Brigham and Women's Hospital, Inc. 
Address:  Department of Emergency Medicine 
75 Francis St 
Boston , MA 02115 
Phone: 617-525-7627  
Congressional District:
Organization Type: UNIVERSITY 
Organization Name: Brigham and Women's Hospital, Inc. 
Joint Agency:  
Yule, Steven  Ph.D. Brigham and Women's Hospital, Inc. 
Doyle, Thomas  Ph.D. McMaster University, Canada 
Gupta, Avni  M.P.H. Brigham and Women's Hospital, Inc. 
Lipsitz, Stuart  Sc.D. Brigham and Women's Hospital, Inc. 
Pozner, Charles  M.D. Brigham and Women's Hospital, Inc. 
Robertson, Jamie  Ph.D. Brigham and Women's Hospital, Inc. 
Smink, Douglas  M.D. Brigham and Women's Hospital, Inc. 
Musson, David  M.D., Ph.D. McMaster University, Canada 
Key Personnel Changes / Previous PI: Principal Investigator (PI) Roger Dias, MD, PhD, became the main PI when the project started; original PI in the proposal was Steven Yule, PhD, who relocated to the University of Edinburgh in Scotland while retaining a faculty position at Brigham & Women’s Hospital/ Harvard Medical School and is now CoInvestigator on the project.
Project Information: Grant/Contract No. NNX16AO69A-T0506 
Responsible Center: TRISH 
Grant Monitor:  
Center Contact:   
Solicitation / Funding Source: 2020 TRISH BRASH1901: Translational Research Institute for Space Health (TRISH) Biomedical Research Advances for Space Health 
Grant/Contract No.: NNX16AO69A-T0506 
Project Type: GROUND 
Flight Program:  
TechPort: No 
No. of Post Docs:  
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Human Research Program Elements: None
Human Research Program Risks: None
Human Research Program Gaps: None
Task Description: Unanticipated medical events may potentially affect crew health, impact in-flight capacity, and compromise success of long-duration exploration missions. Like technical problem solving, medical events require crew members to rapidly coordinate in order to diagnose and manage situations that may be outside their primary technical expertise. Missions, such as those to Mars, will take upwards of three years and lack real-time communications with experts on the ground. As a result, we need to provide crew with tools and technology that can help them provide medical care autonomously.

Effective spaceflight medical training must be combined with in-flight support tools to ensure crew competence in management of medical events and caring for sick astronauts. Collectively called Augmented Clinical Tools (ACT), these include technologies and applications to assist medical decision-making and action. Mixed Reality (MR) -- the ability to place virtual and photo-realistic items into the field of view using holograms -- provides an immersive, realistic user experience that has also proven feasible for training and guidance during technical non-routine tasks.

We propose to utilize existing technology to develop MR software that provides realistic training scenarios for astronauts, and combine medical education with real-time clinical support for some probable medical events in deep space. This includes a “SMART checklist” which guides astronauts through managing medical events in real-time. MR allows us to create lifelike space environments for astronauts to practice their skills. We will involve a wide range of stakeholders in software development and testing for usability, engagement, and performance. The project will take two years to complete and we will provide innovative products and guidance that can be incorporated into astronaut training to ensure that they have the knowledge, skills, and support to manage the expected and unexpected challenges on successful deep space missions.

Research Impact/Earth Benefits:

Task Progress & Bibliography Information FY2020 
Task Progress: New project for FY2020.

Bibliography Type: Description: (Last Updated: )  Show Cumulative Bibliography Listing
 None in FY 2020