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Project Title:  HCAAM VNSCOR: Using a Human Capabilities Framework to Quantify Crew Task Performance in Human-Robotic Systems Reduce
Images: icon  Fiscal Year: FY 2019 
Division: Human Research 
Research Discipline/Element:
HFBP:Human Factors & Behavioral Performance (IRP Rev H) 
Start Date: 03/06/2019  
End Date: 03/05/2023  
Task Last Updated: 06/11/2019 
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Principal Investigator/Affiliation:   Fanchiang, Christine  Ph.D. / Space Research Company LLC 
Address:  4865 Qualla Dr 
 
Boulder , CO 80303-3803 
Email: christine@tsrco.com 
Phone: 650-302-2692  
Congressional District:
Web:  
Organization Type: INDUSTRY 
Organization Name: Space Research Company LLC 
Joint Agency:  
Comments:  
Co-Investigator(s)
Affiliation: 
Klaus, David  Ph.D. University of Colorado, Boulder 
Shelhamer, Mark  Sc.D. Johns Hopkins University 
Project Information: Grant/Contract No. 80NSSC19K0655 
Responsible Center: NASA JSC 
Grant Monitor: Williams, Thomas  
Center Contact: 281-483-8773 
thomas.j.williams-1@nasa.gov 
Solicitation: 2017 HERO 80JSC017N0001-BPBA Topics in Biological, Physiological, and Behavioral Adaptations to Spaceflight. Appendix C 
Grant/Contract No.: 80NSSC19K0655 
Project Type: GROUND 
TechPort: No 
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Human Research Program Elements: (1) HFBP:Human Factors & Behavioral Performance (IRP Rev H)
Human Research Program Risks: (1) HARI:Risk of Inadequate Design of Human and Automation/Robotic Integration
 (2) HCI:Risk of Inadequate Human-Computer Interaction
 (3) MPTASK:Risk of Inadequate Mission, Process and Task Design (IRP Rev H)
Human Research Program Gaps: (1) HFBP-HARI-03:We do not know how to quantify overall human-automation-robotic system performance to inform and evaluate system designs to ensure safe and efficient space mission operations (IRP Rev G name change to HARI-03 from previous designation SHFE-HARI-03 (which was IRP Rev F) (Previously: How can performance, efficiency and safety guidelines be developed for appropriate task automation and the effective allocation of tasks between humans and automation?)
 (2) HFBP-HCI-04:We need to understand how emerging multi-modal and adaptive display and control technologies are best applied to the design of HCI for proposed long-duration DRM (Design Reference Missions) operations. (Previous title: SHFE-HCI-04) (IRP Rev J)
 (3) SHFE-TASK-02:What model-based HF Tools can assist with the design and evaluations of spacecraft systems and task procedures?
 (4) SHFE-TASK-03:How can a capability for semi-autonomous planning and dynamically replanning of crew schedules be developed?
Task Description: This task is part of the Human Capabilities Assessments for Autonomous Missions (HCAAM) Virtual NASA Specialized Center of Research (VNSCOR).

Effective space exploration will require proper task coordination between humans and robotic systems. These systems can be characterized in a variety of ways, from level of autonomy to the number of functions provided. At the most basic level a robotic system can be considered a hand tool while something more complex could be a humanoid companion. To ensure the robotic system is effective, the crew must trust that the system performs its intended function(s), or retain enough Situation Awareness (SA) and capability to find another way to execute the required task.

Currently, there are no comprehensive standards for measuring, monitoring, and evaluating task performance with regard to crewmember capabilities, the design of the task, and the dynamic spacecraft environment. This work seeks to address this missing performance infrastructure by providing a conceptual framework for measuring task design quality and developing a path for validation using a task performance metric through experimentation both in university labs and using NASA's analog missions.

 

Research Impact/Earth Benefits:

 

Task Progress & Bibliography Information FY2019 
Task Progress: New project for FY2019.

 

Bibliography Type: Description: (Last Updated: )  Show Cumulative Bibliography Listing
 
 None in FY 2019