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Project Title:  Thermophysical Properties and Transport Phenomena Models and Experiments in Reduced Gravity Reduce
Images: icon  Fiscal Year: FY 2019 
Division: Physical Sciences 
Research Discipline/Element:
Physical Sciences: MATERIALS SCIENCE--Materials science 
Start Date: 06/06/2017  
End Date: 06/05/2022  
Task Last Updated: 04/14/2019 
Download report in PDF pdf
Principal Investigator/Affiliation:   Hyers, Robert  Ph.D. / University of Massachusetts 
Address:  Engineering Laboratory 
160 Governors Dr. 
Amherst , MA 01003 
Email: hyers@ecs.umass.edu 
Phone: 413-545-2253  
Congressional District:
Web:  
Organization Type: UNIVERSITY 
Organization Name: University of Massachusetts 
Joint Agency:  
Comments:  
Co-Investigator(s)
Affiliation: 
Lee, Jonghyun  Ph.D. Iowa State University (formerly University of Massachusetts) 
Project Information: Grant/Contract No. NNX17AL63G 
Responsible Center: NASA MSFC 
Grant Monitor: Rogers, Jan  
Center Contact: 256.544.1081 
jan.r.rogers@nasa.gov 
Solicitation: 2015 NNH15ZTT002N MaterialsLab Open Science Campaigns for Experiments on the International Space Station 
Grant/Contract No.: NNX17AL63G 
Project Type: FLIGHT 
Flight Program:  
No. of Post Docs:
No. of PhD Candidates:
No. of Master's Candidates:
No. of Bachelor's Candidates:
No. of PhD Degrees:
No. of Master's Degrees:
No. of Bachelor's Degrees:
Program--Element: MATERIALS SCIENCE--Materials science 
Task Description: The proposed program will consist of four major elements: continued development of novel non-contact methods for measuring thermophysical properties, including using electrostatic levitation in reduced gravity; application of these methods to materials of interest to industry and the international scientific community; application of the measured properties to produce accurate models of fluid flow and heat and mass transfer in the levitated samples; and application of the measured properties and models to test theories about the effect of processing on microstructure and material characteristics of a family of nonlinear optical crystals. The proposed elements primarily contribute to the research emphasis 1: Thermophysical Property Measurements, with supporting contributions to research emphasis; 2: Materials Processes Affecting Microstructure, Composition, and the Resultant Material Characteristics. The proposed elements vary in scope from the development of methods which are broadly applicable to measurement of thermophysical properties such as density and viscosity, to measurement of the properties of samples proposed by our team and other investigators in MaterialsLab, so models for specific experiments. Through the insight into the transport phenomena inside the samples, the experiment-specific models enable experiments that would otherwise be impossible. Similar models are currently in use for model-enabled experiments on the International Space Station. The results of the model-enabled experiments will advance the scientific understanding of the effect of processing on the properties of non-linear optical crystals, moving them closer to commercial production and sale here on Earth.

Research Impact/Earth Benefits: This project has the potential to improve the manufacturability of photonic devices based on photorefractive materials. Among the many applications are holographic storage of data. The ability to switch light with light could also have a large impact on telecommunications.

Task Progress & Bibliography Information FY2019 
Task Progress: The Principal Investigator (PI) visited Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in August 2018 with one grad student. We worked with MSFC staff to explore one method of fabricating samples for this investigation. We concluded that other methods should be explored for achieving the tight composition window needed for the proposed work.

After phasing discussions with MSFC, we agreed to push the work for FY’19 to the summer and fall, to allow continuity of funding for one or more students to prepare the bulk of the ground-based work in FY’20. The funding profiles were adjusted accordingly. We are targeting SCR (science concept review) in FY’21 and flight in ’22.

A new graduate student visited UMass in March 2019, and will join us in June 2019. She will work on this project part-time.

Bibliography Type: Description: (Last Updated: 04/28/2020)  Show Cumulative Bibliography Listing
 
Abstracts for Journals and Proceedings SanSoucie MP, Hyers RW, Rogers JR. "Electrostatic Levitation for Studies of Additive Manufacturing Materials for Extreme Environments." Poster presented at Materials Science and Technology Conference MS&T18, Columbus, OH, October 14-18, 2018.

Conference Program. Materials Science and Technology Conference MS&T18, Columbus, OH, October 14-18, 2018. , Oct-2018

Project Title:  Thermophysical Properties and Transport Phenomena Models and Experiments in Reduced Gravity Reduce
Images: icon  Fiscal Year: FY 2018 
Division: Physical Sciences 
Research Discipline/Element:
Physical Sciences: MATERIALS SCIENCE--Materials science 
Start Date: 06/06/2017  
End Date: 06/05/2022  
Task Last Updated: 07/25/2018 
Download report in PDF pdf
Principal Investigator/Affiliation:   Hyers, Robert  Ph.D. / University of Massachusetts 
Address:  Engineering Laboratory 
160 Governors Dr. 
Amherst , MA 01003 
Email: hyers@ecs.umass.edu 
Phone: 413-545-2253  
Congressional District:
Web:  
Organization Type: UNIVERSITY 
Organization Name: University of Massachusetts 
Joint Agency:  
Comments:  
Co-Investigator(s)
Affiliation: 
Lee, Jonghyun  Ph.D. Iowa State University (formerly University of Massachusetts) 
Key Personnel Changes / Previous PI: June 2018 report: Project year 2 funding, received after reporting period, was needed to hire a student, as per revised budget. Prof. Jonghyun Lee moved to Iowa State University to accept a tenure-track position in September 2017; he remains CoI.
Project Information: Grant/Contract No. NNX17AL63G 
Responsible Center: NASA MSFC 
Grant Monitor: Rogers, Jan  
Center Contact: 256.544.1081 
jan.r.rogers@nasa.gov 
Solicitation: 2015 NNH15ZTT002N MaterialsLab Open Science Campaigns for Experiments on the International Space Station 
Grant/Contract No.: NNX17AL63G 
Project Type: FLIGHT 
Flight Program:  
No. of Post Docs:  
No. of PhD Candidates:  
No. of Master's Candidates:  
No. of Bachelor's Candidates:  
No. of PhD Degrees:  
No. of Master's Degrees:  
No. of Bachelor's Degrees:  
Program--Element: MATERIALS SCIENCE--Materials science 
Task Description: The proposed program will consist of four major elements: continued development of novel non-contact methods for measuring thermophysical properties, including using electrostatic levitation in reduced gravity; application of these methods to materials of interest to industry and the international scientific community; application of the measured properties to produce accurate models of fluid flow and heat and mass transfer in the levitated samples; and application of the measured properties and models to test theories about the effect of processing on microstructure and material characteristics of a family of nonlinear optical crystals. The proposed elements primarily contribute to the research emphasis 1: Thermophysical Property Measurements, with supporting contributions to research emphasis; 2: Materials Processes Affecting Microstructure, Composition, and the Resultant Material Characteristics. The proposed elements vary in scope from the development of methods which are broadly applicable to measurement of thermophysical properties such as density and viscosity, to measurement of the properties of samples proposed by our team and other investigators in MaterialsLab, so models for specific experiments. Through the insight into the transport phenomena inside the samples, the experiment-specific models enable experiments that would otherwise be impossible. Similar models are currently in use for model-enabled experiments on the International Space Station. The results of the model-enabled experiments will advance the scientific understanding of the effect of processing on the properties of non-linear optical crystals, moving them closer to commercial production and sale here on Earth.

Research Impact/Earth Benefits: This project has the potential to improve the manufacturability of photonic devices based on photorefractive materials. Among the many applications are holographic storage of data. The ability to switch light with light could also have a large impact on telecommunications.

Task Progress & Bibliography Information FY2018 
Task Progress: The Principal Investigator (PI) visited Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in December, 2017, with another MaterialsLab PI, Dr. Richard Weber. We had specific discussions about each project.

The PI participated in numerous teleconferences about the status of the Electrostatic Levitation Furnace (ELF) and coordination among the different MaterialsLab projects. The PI also participated in teleconferences for the Science Definition Team on Thermophysical Property Measurements.

The PI participated in joint efforts to demonstrate the relevance of the MaterialsLab projects to NASA’s exploration mission, and to find partners within NASA who would be interested in the results of our investigations.

The team has begun planning with NASA MSFC for ground-based experiments to be conducted next year, including sourcing, procurement, and fabrication of samples.

Bibliography Type: Description: (Last Updated: 04/28/2020)  Show Cumulative Bibliography Listing
 
 None in FY 2018
Project Title:  Thermophysical Properties and Transport Phenomena Models and Experiments in Reduced Gravity Reduce
Images: icon  Fiscal Year: FY 2017 
Division: Physical Sciences 
Research Discipline/Element:
Physical Sciences: MATERIALS SCIENCE--Materials science 
Start Date: 06/06/2017  
End Date: 06/05/2022  
Task Last Updated: 06/20/2017 
Download report in PDF pdf
Principal Investigator/Affiliation:   Hyers, Robert  Ph.D. / University of Massachusetts 
Address:  Engineering Laboratory 
160 Governors Dr. 
Amherst , MA 01003 
Email: hyers@ecs.umass.edu 
Phone: 413-545-2253  
Congressional District:
Web:  
Organization Type: UNIVERSITY 
Organization Name: University of Massachusetts 
Joint Agency:  
Comments:  
Co-Investigator(s)
Affiliation: 
Lee, Jonghyun  Ph.D. University of Massachusetts 
Project Information: Grant/Contract No. NNX17AL63G 
Responsible Center: NASA MSFC 
Grant Monitor: Rogers, Jan  
Center Contact: 256.544.1081 
jan.r.rogers@nasa.gov 
Solicitation: 2015 NNH15ZTT002N MaterialsLab Open Science Campaigns for Experiments on the International Space Station 
Grant/Contract No.: NNX17AL63G 
Project Type: FLIGHT 
Flight Program:  
No. of Post Docs:  
No. of PhD Candidates:  
No. of Master's Candidates:  
No. of Bachelor's Candidates:  
No. of PhD Degrees:  
No. of Master's Degrees:  
No. of Bachelor's Degrees:  
Program--Element: MATERIALS SCIENCE--Materials science 
Task Description: The proposed program will consist of four major elements: continued development of novel non-contact methods for measuring thermophysical properties, including using electrostatic levitation in reduced gravity; application of these methods to materials of interest to industry and the international scientific community; application of the measured properties to produce accurate models of fluid flow and heat and mass transfer in the levitated samples; and application of the measured properties and models to test theories about the effect of processing on microstructure and material characteristics of a family of nonlinear optical crystals. The proposed elements primarily contribute to the research emphasis 1: Thermophysical Property Measurements, with supporting contributions to research emphasis; 2: Materials Processes Affecting Microstructure, Composition, and the Resultant Material Characteristics. The proposed elements vary in scope from the development of methods which are broadly applicable to measurement of thermophysical properties such as density and viscosity, to measurement of the properties of samples proposed by our team and other investigators in MaterialsLab, so models for specific experiments. Through the insight into the transport phenomena inside the samples, the experiment-specific models enable experiments that would otherwise be impossible. Similar models are currently in use for model-enabled experiments on the International Space Station. The results of the model-enabled experiments will advance the scientific understanding of the effect of processing on the properties of non-linear optical crystals, moving them closer to commercial production and sale here on Earth.

Research Impact/Earth Benefits:

Task Progress & Bibliography Information FY2017 
Task Progress: New project for FY2017.

Bibliography Type: Description: (Last Updated: 04/28/2020)  Show Cumulative Bibliography Listing
 
 None in FY 2017