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Project Title:  Medical Consumables Tracking-GRC Reduce
Images: icon  Fiscal Year: FY 2018 
Division: Human Research 
Research Discipline/Element:
HRP ExMC:Exploration Medical Capabilities
Start Date: 06/01/2009  
End Date: 09/30/2018  
Task Last Updated: 03/03/2020 
Download report in PDF pdf
Principal Investigator/Affiliation:   Zoldak, John   / Zin Technologies, Inc. 
Address:  GRC-MS00 
6745 Engle Road 
Cleveland , OH 44130-7994 
Email: zoldakj@zin-tech.com 
Phone: 440.625.2334  
Congressional District: 16 
Web:  
Organization Type: INDUSTRY 
Organization Name: Zin Technologies, Inc. 
Joint Agency:  
Comments:  
Project Information: Grant/Contract No. Directed Research 
Responsible Center: NASA JSC 
Grant Monitor: Lehnhardt, Kris  
Center Contact: 281.244.0524 
kris.lehnhardt@nasa.gov 
Solicitation: Directed Research 
Grant/Contract No.: Directed Research 
Project Type: FLIGHT,GROUND 
Flight Program: ISS 
TechPort: Yes 
No. of Post Docs:
No. of PhD Candidates:
No. of Master's Candidates:
No. of Bachelor's Candidates:
No. of PhD Degrees:
No. of Master's Degrees:
No. of Bachelor's Degrees:
Human Research Program Elements: (1) ExMC:Exploration Medical Capabilities
Human Research Program Risks: (1) Medical:Risk of Adverse Health Outcomes & Decrements in Performance due to Inflight Medical Conditions (IRP Rev I)
(2) Stability:Risk of Ineffective or Toxic Medications Due to Long Term Storage (IRP Rev F)
Human Research Program Gaps: (1) Med07:We do not have the capability to comprehensively process medically-relevant information to support medical operations during exploration missions (IRP Rev J)
(2) Med09:We do not have the capability to predict estimated medical risk posture during exploration missions based on current crew health and resources (IRP Rev J)
(3) Pharm01:We do not know how medications are used during spaceflight (IRP Rev E)
(4) Pharm02:We do not know how long medications may be safe and effective beyond their expiration dates (IRP Rev E)
Flight Assignment/Project Notes: ISS

NOTE: End date change to 9/30/2018 per B. Lewandowski/GRC (Ed., 3/3/2020)

NOTE: End date changed to 6/30/2017 per PI (Ed., 1/25/17)

NOTE: Gap changes per IRP Rev E /(Ed., 1/30/14)

NOTE: End date is now 09/30/2016 per HRP Master Task List dated 12/28/2012 (Ed., 3/14/2013)

Task Description: This task will identify current practices and develop controls, processes, and technical solutions to accurately track the inventory of medical consumables. When shuttle and International Space Station (ISS) medical kits are returned to Earth, fewer medical consumables remain in the medical kits than would be expected based on reported use by the astronauts. This is significant because the possibility exists that exploration missions could be undersupplied and run the risk of not being able to treat an ill or injured crewmember, particularly given the small volume available for the medical kits. This task will identify current practices and develop controls, processes, and technical solutions to accurately track the inventory of medical consumables.

The Medical Consumables Tracking (MCT) system will utilize an electronic identification system comprised of a reader/scanner/interrogator and a transponder. The system will address insufficient tracking of medication and medical consumables usage on the International Space Station (ISS). An electronic tag will be placed on each package. Periodically the system will be powered and contents within the Resource Supply Rack (RSR) storage locker will be inventoried. The information in the MCT database will be downlinked to the Health Management System (HMS) Inventory Tracking Tool (HITT), which contains medical inventory information to be accessed on the ground.

Results to date (Preliminary Design Review level) indicate that using an RFID tag (electronic tag) to read a highly dense population of medical items (including liquids, pharmaceuticals of a dielectric nature, and metal wrapped packaging) and achieve the minimum accuracy is feasible.

Specific aims:

1. Track medical consumables and medications accessed with an accuracy of 95% or better

2. No additional scheduled crew time to access a medication or medical consumable

3.Work in a microgravity environment

4.Work in space vehicles that have electronically noisy environments

5. Encrypted data transfer

6. To know how much of a particular medication is available

7. Read the electronic ID tagged items inside of Convenience Medications Pack

8. Have the ability to scale; to track small quantities or large quantities of medicines and medical consumables.

Rationale for HRP Directed Research: This research is directed because it contains highly constrained research, which requires focused and constrained data gathering and analysis that is more appropriately obtained through a non-competitive proposal.

Research Impact/Earth Benefits: MCT will develop new antenna system that will allow a high density of tags in a low volume. This technology can be used in hospitals and pharmacies.

Task Progress & Bibliography Information FY2018 
Task Progress: The Medical Consumables Tracking (MCT) project was a demonstration of hardware capable of tracking medical consumables within the Crew Health Care System (CHeCS), allowing for autonomous CHeCS inventory. The MCT System is a battery-powered system that utilizes a Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) system comprised of a reader/scanner/interrogator, antennas, a transponder, and a single board computer. The system was designed to perform an automated inventory cycle every 720 hours and provided the capability to manually initiate an inventory cycle via a switch located on the exterior of the CHeCS locker door. When a cycle was completed an inventory report of RFID tagged items detected within the locker was transmitted wirelessly to the Joint Station Local Area Network. The system launched to the International Space Station (ISS) on HTV-6 (11/16/2016), was installed in CHeCS Rack Locker D2 (12/16/2016), and powered “ON” on 12/16/2016. MCT started autonomous operation on 12/16/2016 16:11:31 GMT. The inventory cycle established operation every 720 hours. A total of 9 inventory cycles were performed. The Medical Convenience Pack originally launched 11/16/2016 was removed from CHeCS locker on or about 8/1/2017. Final scan with the MCT hardware occurred July 12th, 2018 prior to the uninstall of the hardware.

Significant Findings:

With the exception of an anomalous tag read and missing scan, all inventory (resultant tag file) downlinks were received as designed. In addition, all health and status data from the MCT system, controls (manual reads, door open sensor, etc.), communication links, and configuration file uploads operated and were received as designed. The MCT system successfully demonstrated the ability to perform an autonomous inventory of CheCS medical consumables.

Data File Content:

- The data files resulted from the automated inventories (every 720 hours) and the manually initiated inventories

- The data consists of the RFID tag information used to track medical consumables used on ISS

- When a new medical consumable was added to the CHeCS it contained an RFID tag

- Data collection included the date when the tag was first introduced into the CHeCS and the tag ID

- Also collected was when the tag was no longer in the CHeCS

- This information was collected in comma separated value (CSV) files.

Bibliography Type: Description: (Last Updated: )  Show Cumulative Bibliography Listing
 
 None in FY 2018
Project Title:  Medical Consumables Tracking-GRC Reduce
Images: icon  Fiscal Year: FY 2013 
Division: Human Research 
Research Discipline/Element:
HRP ExMC:Exploration Medical Capabilities
Start Date: 06/01/2009  
End Date: 06/30/2017  
Task Last Updated: 01/30/2014 
Download report in PDF pdf
Principal Investigator/Affiliation:   Zoldak, John   / Zin Technologies, Inc. 
Address:  GRC-MS00 
6745 Engle Road 
Cleveland , OH 44130-7994 
Email: zoldakj@zin-tech.com 
Phone: 440.625.2334  
Congressional District: 16 
Web:  
Organization Type: INDUSTRY 
Organization Name: Zin Technologies, Inc. 
Joint Agency:  
Comments:  
Project Information: Grant/Contract No. Directed Research 
Responsible Center: NASA JSC 
Grant Monitor: Antonsen, Erik  
Center Contact: 281.483.4961 
erik.l.antonsen@nasa.gov 
Solicitation: Directed Research 
Grant/Contract No.: Directed Research 
Project Type: FLIGHT,GROUND 
Flight Program: ISS 
TechPort: Yes 
No. of Post Docs:
No. of PhD Candidates:
No. of Master's Candidates:
No. of Bachelor's Candidates:
No. of PhD Degrees:
No. of Master's Degrees:
No. of Bachelor's Degrees:
Human Research Program Elements: (1) ExMC:Exploration Medical Capabilities
Human Research Program Risks: (1) Medical:Risk of Adverse Health Outcomes & Decrements in Performance due to Inflight Medical Conditions (IRP Rev I)
(2) Stability:Risk of Ineffective or Toxic Medications Due to Long Term Storage (IRP Rev F)
Human Research Program Gaps: (1) Med07:We do not have the capability to comprehensively process medically-relevant information to support medical operations during exploration missions (IRP Rev J)
(2) Med09:We do not have the capability to predict estimated medical risk posture during exploration missions based on current crew health and resources (IRP Rev J)
(3) Pharm01:We do not know how medications are used during spaceflight (IRP Rev E)
(4) Pharm02:We do not know how long medications may be safe and effective beyond their expiration dates (IRP Rev E)
Flight Assignment/Project Notes: NOTE: End date changed to 6/30/2017 per PI (Ed., 1/25/17)

NOTE: Gap changes per IRP Rev E (Ed., 1/30/14)

NOTE: End date is now 09/30/2016 per HRP Master Task List dated 12/28/2012 (Ed., 3/14/2013)

Task Description: This task will identify current practices and develop controls, processes, and technical solutions to accurately track the inventory of medical consumables. When shuttle and International Space Station (ISS) medical kits are returned to Earth, fewer medical consumables remain in the medical kits than would be expected based on reported use by the astronauts. This is significant because the possibility exists that exploration missions could be undersupplied and run the risk of not being able to treat an ill or injured crewmember, particularly given the small volume available for the medical kits. This task will identify current practices and develop controls, processes, and technical solutions to accurately track the inventory of medical consumables.

The Medical Consumables Tracking (MCT) system will utilize an electronic identification system comprised of a reader/scanner/interrogator and a transponder. The system will address insufficient tracking of medication and medical consumables usage on the ISS. An electronic tag will be placed on each package. Periodically the system will be powered and contents within the Resource Supply Rack (RSR) storage locker will be inventoried. The information in the MCT database will be downlinked to the Health Management System (HMS) Inventory Tracking Tool (HITT), which contains medical inventory information to be accessed on the ground.

Results to date (Preliminary Design Review level) indicate that using an RFID tag (electronic tag) to read a highly dense population of medical items (including liquids, pharmaceuticals of a dielectric nature, and metal wrapped packaging) and achieve the minimum accuracy is feasible.

Specific aims:

1. Track medical consumables and medications accessed with an accuracy of 95% or better

2. No additional scheduled crew time to access a medication or medical consumable

3. Work in a microgravity environment

4. Work in space vehicles that have electronically noisy environments

5. Encrypted data transfer

6. To know how much of a particular medication is available

7. Read the electronic ID tagged items inside of Convenience Medications Pack

8. Have the ability to scale; to track small quantities or large quantities of medicines and medical consumables.

Rationale for HRP Directed Research: This research is directed because it contains highly constrained research, which requires focused and constrained data gathering and analysis that is more appropriately obtained through a non-competitive proposal.

Research Impact/Earth Benefits: MCT will develop a new antenna system that will allow a high density of tags in a low volume. This technology can be used in hospitals and pharmacies.

Task Progress & Bibliography Information FY2013 
Task Progress: The Medical Consumables Tracking (MCT) system successfully completed their critical design review in September 2013. MCT was selected for flight via the Human Research Program (HRP) select for flight process.

Bibliography Type: Description: (Last Updated: )  Show Cumulative Bibliography Listing
 
 None in FY 2013
Project Title:  Medical Consumables Tracking-GRC Reduce
Images: icon  Fiscal Year: FY 2009 
Division: Human Research 
Research Discipline/Element:
HRP ExMC:Exploration Medical Capabilities
Start Date: 06/01/2009  
End Date: 09/30/2016  
Task Last Updated: 09/28/2012 
Download report in PDF pdf
Principal Investigator/Affiliation:   Zoldak, John   / Zin Technologies, Inc. 
Address:  GRC-MS00 
6745 Engle Road 
Cleveland , OH 44130-7994 
Email: zoldakj@zin-tech.com 
Phone: 440.625.2334  
Congressional District: 16 
Web:  
Organization Type: INDUSTRY 
Organization Name: Zin Technologies, Inc. 
Joint Agency:  
Comments:  
Project Information: Grant/Contract No. Directed Research 
Responsible Center: NASA JSC 
Grant Monitor: Watkins, Sharmi1a  
Center Contact: 281.483.0395 
sharmila.watkins@nasa.gov 
Solicitation: Directed Research 
Grant/Contract No.: Directed Research 
Project Type: GROUND 
Flight Program:  
TechPort: Yes 
No. of Post Docs:  
No. of PhD Candidates:  
No. of Master's Candidates:  
No. of Bachelor's Candidates:  
No. of PhD Degrees:  
No. of Master's Degrees:  
No. of Bachelor's Degrees:  
Human Research Program Elements: (1) ExMC:Exploration Medical Capabilities
Human Research Program Risks: (1) Medical:Risk of Adverse Health Outcomes & Decrements in Performance due to Inflight Medical Conditions (IRP Rev I)
(2) Stability:Risk of Ineffective or Toxic Medications Due to Long Term Storage (IRP Rev F)
Human Research Program Gaps: (1) Med07:We do not have the capability to comprehensively process medically-relevant information to support medical operations during exploration missions (IRP Rev J)
(2) Med09:We do not have the capability to predict estimated medical risk posture during exploration missions based on current crew health and resources (IRP Rev J)
(3) Pharm01:We do not know how medications are used during spaceflight (IRP Rev E)
(4) Pharm02:We do not know how long medications may be safe and effective beyond their expiration dates (IRP Rev E)
Flight Assignment/Project Notes: NOTE: End date is now 09/30/2016 per HRP Master Task List dated 12/28/2012 (Ed., 3/14/2013)

Task Description: This task will identify current practices and develop controls, processes, and technical solutions to accurately track the inventory of medical consumables. When shuttle and ISS medical kits are returned to Earth, fewer medical consumables remain in the medical kits than would be expected based on reported use by the astronauts. This is significant because the possibility exists that exploration missions could be undersupplied and run the risk of not being able to treat an ill or injured crewmember, particularly given the small volume available for the medical kits. This task will identify current practices and develop controls, processes, and technical solutions to accurately track the inventory of medical consumables.

The Medical Consumables Tracking system will utilize an electronic identification system comprised of a reader/scanner/interrogator and a transponder. The system will address insufficient tracking of medication and medical consumables usage on the International Space Station (ISS). An electronic tag will be placed on each package. Periodically the system will be powered and contents within the RSR storage locker will be inventoried. The information in the MCT database will be downlinked to the Health Management System (HMS) Inventory Tracking Tool (HITT), which contains medical inventory information to be accessed on the ground.

Results to date (Preliminary Design Review level) indicate that using an RFID tag (electronic tag) to read a highly dense population of medical items (including liquids, pharmaceuticals of a dielectric nature and metal wrapped packaging) and achieve the minimum accuracy is feasible.

Specific aims:

1. Track medical consumables and medications accessed with an accuracy of 95% or better

2. No additional scheduled crew time to access a medication or medical consumable

3.Work in a microgravity environment

4.Work in space vehicles that have electronically noisy environments

5. Encrypted data transfer

6. To know how much of a particular medication is available

7. Read the electronic ID tagged items inside of Convenience Medications Pack

8. Have the ability to scale; to track small quantities or large quantities of medicines and medical consumables

Rationale for HRP Directed Research: This research is directed because it contains highly constrained research, which requires focused and constrained data gathering and analysis that is more appropriately obtained through a non-competitive proposal.

Research Impact/Earth Benefits: 0

Task Progress & Bibliography Information FY2009 
Task Progress: New project for FY2009.

[Ed. Note: Added to Task Book in September 2012 when received information]

Bibliography Type: Description: (Last Updated: )  Show Cumulative Bibliography Listing
 
 None in FY 2009