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Fiscal Year: FY 2020  Task Last Updated:  08/23/2019 
PI Name: Tannenbaum, Scott  Ph.D. 
Project Title: A Multi-faceted Approach to Examine Team Adaptation & Resilience within Isolated, Confined, and Extreme Environments 
   
Division Name: Human Research 
Program/Discipline--
Element/Subdiscipline:
HUMAN RESEARCH--Behavior and performance 
 
Joint Agency Name:   TechPort:  No 
Human Research Program Elements: (1) HFBP:Human Factors & Behavioral Performance (IRP Rev H)
Human Research Program Risks: (1) Bmed:Risk of Adverse Behavioral Conditions and Psychiatric Disorders
 (2) Team:Risk of Performance and Behavioral Health Decrements Due to Inadequate Cooperation, Coordination, Communication, and Psychosocial Adaptation within a Team (IRP Rev F)
Human Research Program Gaps: (1) CBS-Bmed03:We need to identify and quantify the key threats to and promoters of mission relevant behavioral health and performance during autonomous, long duration and/or long distance exploration missions (IRP Rev H)
 (2) Team Gap 01:We need to understand the key threats, indicators, and life cycle of the team for autonomous, long duration and/or distance exploration missions (IRP Rev E)
 (3) Team Gap 03:We need to identify a set of countermeasures to support team function for all phases of autonomous, long duration and/or distance exploration missions (IRP Rev E)
 (4) Team Gap 04:We need to identify psychological measures that can be used to select individuals most likely to maintain team function for autonomous, long duration and/or distance exploration missions (IRP Rev E)
 (5) Team Gap 08:We need to identify psychological and psychosocial factors, measures, and combinations thereof that can be used to compose highly effective crews for autonomous, long duration and/or distance exploration missions (IRP Rev E)
Space Biology Element: None
Space Biology Cross-Element Discipline: None
Space Biology Special Category: None
PI Email: scott.tannenbaum@groupoe.com  Fax:   
PI Organization Type: INDUSTRY  Phone: 518-456-7738  
Organization Name: The Group for Organizational Effectiveness, Inc. 
PI Address 1: 727 Waldens Pond Road 
PI Address 2:  
PI Web Page:  
City: Albany  State: NY 
Zip Code: 12203-6006  Congressional District:  20 
Comments:  
Project Type: GROUND  Solicitation:  2015-16 HERO NNJ15ZSA001N-Crew Health (FLAGSHIP, NSBRI, OMNIBUS). Appendix A-Crew Health, Appendix B-NSBRI, Appendix C-Omnibus 
Start Date: 10/23/2017  End Date:  03/12/2020 
No. of Post Docs: No. of PhD Degrees: 
No. of PhD Candidates: No. of Master' Degrees: 
No. of Master's Candidates: No. of Bachelor's Degrees: 
No. of Bachelor's Candidates: Monitoring Center:  NASA JSC 
Contact Monitor: Williams, Thomas   Contact Phone:  281-483-8773 
Contact Email: thomas.j.williams-1@nasa.gov 
Flight Program:  
Flight Assignment: NOTE: Change in period of performance and grant number per J. Garrett/JSC HRP (previous 10/1/2016-9/30/2019, grant NNX16AM17G)--Ed., 7/5/18

 

Key Personnel Changes/Previous PI: N/A 
COI Name (Institution): Mathieu, John  Ph.D. ( The Group for Organizational Effectiveness, Inc. )
Maynard, Michael  Ph.D. ( Safer Healthcare Partners, LLC ) 
Grant/Contract No.: 80NSSC18K0092 
Performance Goal No.:  
Performance Goal Text:

 

Task Description: The success of future long duration exploration missions (LDEM) is likely to be contingent on the crew’s ability to adjust in response to environment demands. There has been recent interest in team adaptation and resilience in the scientific community, but researchers have noted the need to clarify those constructs. We propose a program of research to: a) clarify and better understand these constructs, in particular with how they operate in isolated, confined, and extreme (ICE) environments and b) based on that enhanced understanding, develop and test targeted countermeasures designed to boost the adaptability and resilience of LDEM crews.

Work conducted by Maynard and colleagues (2015), supplemented by the team resilience work of Alliger et al. (in press) – all members of our research team – provides a “road map” for the proposed research. We plan to examine the impact of different environmental triggers on team adaptation, incorporating an event taxonomy and categorization schema with which to assess experiences and trigger events. This will allow us to index the types of challenges that LDEM crews will confront. We will test a series of related hypotheses using archival data we collected in prior research in the Human Exploration Research Analog (HERA) habitat.

We will then examine antecedents and outcomes of adaptation, gathering data in two analog environments. Finally, based on the theoretical and preliminary empirical work, we will develop a team countermeasure designed to promote constructive team adaptation and team resilience, and test those countermeasures in an analog environment.

References

Maynard, MT, Kennedy, DM, & Sommer, SA. (2015). Team adaptation: A fifteen-year synthesis (1998–2013) and framework for how this literature needs to “adapt” going forward. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 24, 652-677.

Maynard, M. T., Kennedy, D. M., Sommer, S. A., & Passos, A. M. (2015). Team Cohesion: A theoretical consideration of its reciprocal relationships within the team adaptation nomological network. In: E. Salas, Research on Managing Groups and Teams, 17, 83-111.

 

Rationale for HRP Directed Research:

 

Research Impact/Earth Benefits: There is a need for LDEM crews to adapt and sustain their resilience as a team. Researchers have traditionally examined adaptation and resilience from an individual perspective, but to ensure that Long Duration Exploration Mission (LDEM) crews are ready for the challenges they will face, there is a need to better understand how adaption and resilience operate at the team level. Doing so will allow for the development of validated countermeasures that can be deployed prior to and at appropriate times during a mission, increasing a LDEM crew’s ability to handle the stressors associated with ICE environments and enabling them to adjust when unexpected challenges emerge. It addresses the need to learn more about team adaptation and resilience, as well as the need to develop and test potential countermeasures.

 

Task Progress: We are using the research protocols and measurement tools we developed to conduct a study in NASA’s HERA environment, and a study in a field environment with Deep Sea Saturation Dive (SAT) teams. The contextualized surveys developed for each environment are designed to collect data about key adaptation factors, including trigger events, challenges encountered, adaptation responses, performance data, as well as overall perceptions of the mission.

We collected daily data from an additional 7 SAT dive teams (for a total of 20 teams, with 54 divers from 3 organizations) during their 28-day undersea missions. We participated in the HERA C5 mission, gathering data from several crews and submitted our research for Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval for the HERA C6 mission. We drafted a potential countermeasure that involves minimal obtrusiveness and received positive feedback from the diving SMEs (subject matter experts). We are working to gain approval for use of the countermeasure with the SAT dive organizations. We also plan to use a contextualized version of the countermeasure during HERA 6.

In addition, we are working on the correlational analyses of archival data we previously collected during the HERA 1 mission, and continuing to advance data coding process/schema for the Hawai'i Space Exploration Analog and Simulation (HI-SEAS) and SAT dive team studies.

 

Bibliography Type: Description: (Last Updated: 08/28/2019) Show Cumulative Bibliography Listing
 
Papers from Meeting Proceedings Mathieu JE, Tannenbaum SI, Alliger GM, Cerasoli CP. "Environmental Events Impact on Crew Performance and Cohesion as Mediated by Resilience." M. Griffin and B. Cham (Co-Chairs), Performing and Enduring in Extreme Work Environments Symposium presented at the Annual Meeting of Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, National Harbor, Maryland, April 4-6, 2019.

Paper from Performing and Enduring in Extreme Work Environments Symposium presented at the Annual Meeting of Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, National Harbor, Maryland, April 4-6, 2019. , Apr-2019

Download in PDF pdf     
Fiscal Year: FY 2019  Task Last Updated:  08/22/2018 
PI Name: Tannenbaum, Scott  Ph.D. 
Project Title: A Multi-faceted Approach to Examine Team Adaptation & Resilience within Isolated, Confined, and Extreme Environments 
   
Division Name: Human Research 
Program/Discipline--
Element/Subdiscipline:
HUMAN RESEARCH--Behavior and performance 
 
Joint Agency Name:   TechPort:  No 
Human Research Program Elements: (1) HFBP:Human Factors & Behavioral Performance (IRP Rev H)
Human Research Program Risks: (1) Bmed:Risk of Adverse Behavioral Conditions and Psychiatric Disorders
 (2) Team:Risk of Performance and Behavioral Health Decrements Due to Inadequate Cooperation, Coordination, Communication, and Psychosocial Adaptation within a Team (IRP Rev F)
Human Research Program Gaps: (1) CBS-Bmed03:We need to identify and quantify the key threats to and promoters of mission relevant behavioral health and performance during autonomous, long duration and/or long distance exploration missions (IRP Rev H)
 (2) Team Gap 01:We need to understand the key threats, indicators, and life cycle of the team for autonomous, long duration and/or distance exploration missions (IRP Rev E)
 (3) Team Gap 03:We need to identify a set of countermeasures to support team function for all phases of autonomous, long duration and/or distance exploration missions (IRP Rev E)
 (4) Team Gap 04:We need to identify psychological measures that can be used to select individuals most likely to maintain team function for autonomous, long duration and/or distance exploration missions (IRP Rev E)
 (5) Team Gap 08:We need to identify psychological and psychosocial factors, measures, and combinations thereof that can be used to compose highly effective crews for autonomous, long duration and/or distance exploration missions (IRP Rev E)
Space Biology Element: None
Space Biology Cross-Element Discipline: None
Space Biology Special Category: None
PI Email: scott.tannenbaum@groupoe.com  Fax:   
PI Organization Type: INDUSTRY  Phone: 518-456-7738  
Organization Name: The Group for Organizational Effectiveness, Inc. 
PI Address 1: 727 Waldens Pond Road 
PI Address 2:  
PI Web Page:  
City: Albany  State: NY 
Zip Code: 12203-6006  Congressional District:  20 
Comments:  
Project Type: GROUND  Solicitation:  2015-16 HERO NNJ15ZSA001N-Crew Health (FLAGSHIP, NSBRI, OMNIBUS). Appendix A-Crew Health, Appendix B-NSBRI, Appendix C-Omnibus 
Start Date: 10/23/2017  End Date:  03/12/2020 
No. of Post Docs: No. of PhD Degrees: 
No. of PhD Candidates: No. of Master' Degrees: 
No. of Master's Candidates: No. of Bachelor's Degrees: 
No. of Bachelor's Candidates: Monitoring Center:  NASA JSC 
Contact Monitor: Williams, Thomas   Contact Phone:  281-483-8773 
Contact Email: thomas.j.williams-1@nasa.gov 
Flight Program:  
Flight Assignment: NOTE: Change in period of performance and grant number per J. Garrett/JSC HRP (previous 10/1/2016-9/30/2019, grant NNX16AM17G)--Ed., 7/5/18

 

Key Personnel Changes/Previous PI: N/A 
COI Name (Institution): Mathieu, John  Ph.D. ( The Group for Organizational Effectiveness, Inc. )
Maynard, Michael  Ph.D. ( Safer Healthcare Partners, LLC ) 
Grant/Contract No.: 80NSSC18K0092 
Performance Goal No.:  
Performance Goal Text:

 

Task Description: The success of future long duration exploration missions (LDEM) is likely to be contingent on the crew’s ability to adjust in response to environment demands. There has been recent interest in team adaptation and resilience in the scientific community, but researchers have noted the need to clarify those constructs. We propose a program of research to: a) clarify and better understand these constructs, in particular with how they operate in isolated, confined, and extreme (ICE) environments and b) based on that enhanced understanding, develop and test targeted countermeasures designed to boost the adaptability and resilience of LDEM crews.

Work conducted by Maynard and colleagues (2015), supplemented by the team resilience work of Alliger et al. (in press) – all members of our research team – provides a “road map” for the proposed research. We plan to examine the impact of different environmental triggers on team adaptation, incorporating an event taxonomy and categorization schema with which to assess experiences and trigger events. This will allow us to index the types of challenges that LDEM crews will confront. We will test a series of related hypotheses using archival data we collected in prior research in the Human Exploration Research Analog (HERA) habitat.

We will then examine antecedents and outcomes of adaptation, gathering data in two analog environments. Finally, based on the theoretical and preliminary empirical work, we will develop a team countermeasure designed to promote constructive team adaptation and team resilience, and test those countermeasures in an analog environment.

References

Maynard, MT, Kennedy, DM, & Sommer, SA. (2015). Team adaptation: A fifteen-year synthesis (1998–2013) and framework for how this literature needs to “adapt” going forward. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 24, 652-677.

Maynard, M. T., Kennedy, D. M., Sommer, S. A., & Passos, A. M. (2015). Team Cohesion: A theoretical consideration of its reciprocal relationships within the team adaptation nomological network. In: E. Salas, Research on Managing Groups and Teams, 17, 83-111.

 

Rationale for HRP Directed Research:

 

Research Impact/Earth Benefits: There is a need for LDEM crews to adapt and sustain their resilience as a team. Researchers have traditionally examined adaptation and resilience from an individual perspective, but to ensure that Long Duration Exploration Mission (LDEM) crews are ready for the challenges they will face, there is a need to better understand how adaption and resilience operate at the team level. Doing so will allow for the development of validated countermeasures that can be deployed prior to and at appropriate times during a mission, increasing a LDEM crew’s ability to handle the stressors associated with ICE environments and enabling them to adjust when unexpected challenges emerge. It addresses the need to learn more about team adaptation and resilience, as well as the need to develop and test potential countermeasures.

 

Task Progress: We have developed research protocols and measurement tools for conducting studies in two analog environments, the Hawai'i Space Exploration Analog and Simulation (HI-SEAS) and NASA’s HERA environment, as well as for one field environment, Deep Sea Saturation Dive (SAT) teams. The contextualized surveys developed for each environment are designed to collect data about key adaptation factors including, for example, trigger events, challenges encountered, adaptation responses, performance data as well as overall perceptions of the mission.

We gathered weekly data from a HI-SEAS crew over an 8-month long mission. We also collected daily data from 13 SAT dive teams during their 28-day undersea missions. We have received IRB (Institutional Review Board) approval to participate in the HERA C5 mission in early 2019.

In addition, we have begun analyzing archival data we previously collected during the HERA 1 mission, commenced coding the data collected in the HI-SEAS and SAT dive team studies, and started initial work on identifying promising countermeasures.

 

Bibliography Type: Description: (Last Updated: 08/28/2019) Show Cumulative Bibliography Listing
 
Abstracts for Journals and Proceedings Maynard MT, Mathieu JE, Tannenbaum SI. "Adapting to uncertainty: An examination of teams in extreme environments." Presented at the 78th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, Chicago, IL, August 10-14, 2018.

78th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, Chicago, IL, August 10-14, 2018. , Aug-2018

Abstracts for Journals and Proceedings Tannenbaum SI, Maynard MT, Mathieu JE, Bedwell WL. "Challenges, team adaptation, and resilience in extreme environments." Poster presented at the 2018 NASA Human Research Program Investigators’ Workshop, Galveston, TX, January 22-25, 2018.

2018 NASA Human Research Program Investigators’ Workshop, Galveston, TX, January 22-25, 2018. , Jan-2018

Articles in Peer-reviewed Journals Lacerenza CN, Marlow SL, Tannenbaum SI, Salas E. "Team development interventions: Evidence-based approaches for improving teamwork." Am Psychol. 2018 May-Jun;73(4):517-31. https://doi.org/10.1037/amp0000295 ; PubMed PMID: 29792465 , May-2018
Download in PDF pdf     
Fiscal Year: FY 2018  Task Last Updated:  12/14/2016 
PI Name: Tannenbaum, Scott  Ph.D. 
Project Title: A Multi-faceted Approach to Examine Team Adaptation & Resilience within Isolated, Confined, and Extreme Environments 
   
Division Name: Human Research 
Program/Discipline--
Element/Subdiscipline:
HUMAN RESEARCH--Behavior and performance 
 
Joint Agency Name:   TechPort:  No 
Human Research Program Elements: (1) HFBP:Human Factors & Behavioral Performance (IRP Rev H)
Human Research Program Risks: (1) Bmed:Risk of Adverse Behavioral Conditions and Psychiatric Disorders
 (2) Team:Risk of Performance and Behavioral Health Decrements Due to Inadequate Cooperation, Coordination, Communication, and Psychosocial Adaptation within a Team (IRP Rev F)
Human Research Program Gaps: (1) CBS-Bmed03:We need to identify and quantify the key threats to and promoters of mission relevant behavioral health and performance during autonomous, long duration and/or long distance exploration missions (IRP Rev H)
 (2) Team Gap 01:We need to understand the key threats, indicators, and life cycle of the team for autonomous, long duration and/or distance exploration missions (IRP Rev E)
 (3) Team Gap 03:We need to identify a set of countermeasures to support team function for all phases of autonomous, long duration and/or distance exploration missions (IRP Rev E)
 (4) Team Gap 04:We need to identify psychological measures that can be used to select individuals most likely to maintain team function for autonomous, long duration and/or distance exploration missions (IRP Rev E)
 (5) Team Gap 08:We need to identify psychological and psychosocial factors, measures, and combinations thereof that can be used to compose highly effective crews for autonomous, long duration and/or distance exploration missions (IRP Rev E)
Space Biology Element: None
Space Biology Cross-Element Discipline: None
Space Biology Special Category: None
PI Email: scott.tannenbaum@groupoe.com  Fax:   
PI Organization Type: INDUSTRY  Phone: 518-456-7738  
Organization Name: The Group for Organizational Effectiveness, Inc. 
PI Address 1: 727 Waldens Pond Road 
PI Address 2:  
PI Web Page:  
City: Albany  State: NY 
Zip Code: 12203-6006  Congressional District:  20 
Comments:  
Project Type: GROUND  Solicitation:  2015-16 HERO NNJ15ZSA001N-Crew Health (FLAGSHIP, NSBRI, OMNIBUS). Appendix A-Crew Health, Appendix B-NSBRI, Appendix C-Omnibus 
Start Date: 10/23/2017  End Date:  03/12/2020 
No. of Post Docs:   No. of PhD Degrees:   
No. of PhD Candidates:   No. of Master' Degrees:   
No. of Master's Candidates:   No. of Bachelor's Degrees:   
No. of Bachelor's Candidates:   Monitoring Center:  NASA JSC 
Contact Monitor: Williams, Thomas   Contact Phone:  281-483-8773 
Contact Email: thomas.j.williams-1@nasa.gov 
Flight Program:  
Flight Assignment: NOTE: Change in period of performance and grant number per J. Garrett/JSC HRP (previous 10/1/2016-9/30/2019, grant NNX16AM17G)--Ed., 7/5/18

 

Key Personnel Changes/Previous PI:  
COI Name (Institution): Mathieu, John  Ph.D. ( The Group for Organizational Effectiveness, Inc. )
Maynard, Michael  Ph.D. ( Safer Healthcare Partners, LLC ) 
Grant/Contract No.: 80NSSC18K0092 
Performance Goal No.:  
Performance Goal Text:

 

Task Description: The success of future long duration exploration missions (LDEM) is likely to be contingent on the crew’s ability to adjust in response to environment demands. There has been recent interest in team adaptation and resilience in the scientific community, but researchers have noted the need to clarify those constructs. We propose a program of research to: a) clarify and better understand these constructs, in particular with how they operate in isolated, confined, and extreme (ICE) environments and b) based on that enhanced understanding, develop and test targeted countermeasures designed to boost the adaptability and resilience of LDEM crews.

Work conducted by Maynard and colleagues (2015), supplemented by the team resilience work of Alliger et al. (in press) – all members of our research team – provides a “road map” for the proposed research. We will first examine the impact of different environmental triggers on team adaptation, incorporating an event taxonomy and categorization schema with which to assess experiences and trigger events. This will allow us to index the types of challenges that LDEM crews will confront. We will test a series of related hypotheses using archival data we collected in prior research in the Human Exploration Research Analog (HERA) habitat.

We will then examine antecedents and outcomes of adaptation, gathering data in two analog environments. Finally, based on the theoretical and preliminary empirical work, we will develop team countermeasures designed to promote constructive team adaptation and team resilience, and during Years 2 and 3, test those countermeasures in analog environments.

One of our test environments will be a field setting that involves teams that work in ICE conditions in the oil and gas industry. The second test environment will be a NASA analog, such as NEEMO (NASA Extreme Environment Mission Operations) or HERA, which will provide the opportunity to test the usability of the countermeasures.

References

Maynard, MT, Kennedy, DM, & Sommer, SA. (2015). Team adaptation: A fifteen-year synthesis (1998–2013) and framework for how this literature needs to “adapt” going forward. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 24, 652-677.

Maynard, M. T., Kennedy, D. M., Sommer, S. A., & Passos, A. M. (2015). Team Cohesion: A theoretical consideration of its reciprocal relationships within the team adaptation nomological network. In E. Salas, Research on Managing Groups and Teams, 17, 83-111.

 

Rationale for HRP Directed Research:

 

Research Impact/Earth Benefits:

 

Task Progress: New project for FY2018.

 

Bibliography Type: Description: (Last Updated: 08/28/2019) Show Cumulative Bibliography Listing